The Bednall Archive
Last updated 22/06/2012
Charles Henry Fiennes Badnall was the son of enterprising one-time silk manufacturer, inventor and writer Richard Badnall and a great, great, grandson of silk dyer, William Badnall of Leek, Staffordshire. He was thus a 4 x great grandchild of William (1622-1700) and Sarah ( -1710) Badnall of Hanbury and Uttoxeter, the common ancestors many of the Bednalls of Staffordshire, Derbyshire and elsewhere, including Australia. Charles’ early life was influenced by the death of his father life when he was only 6 years old and the reduced circumstances in which the family subsequently lived. Following rustication from university he emigrated to Australia and was one of the early settlers of Heywood, Victoria. By turns school secretary, surveyor, shopkeeper, journalist and local politician, his personal qualities and work for the local church and community were such, as to make him “greatly-beloved by many in this town [Portland] and neighbourhood”. When he died “flags were shown on the masts of the town and ships in the bay at half-mast as a token of respect“. The following article is a brief account of his life.
Charles Henry Fiennes Badnall was born in Douglas, Isle of Man on 9th January 1833 and baptised in St. Matthew’s Church, 4 days later. [i] He was the son of silk manufacture, inventor, poet and would be MP, Richard Badnall junior (formerly of Ashenhurst, Leek, Staffordshire) and his wife Sarah, nee Hand. [See Appendix 1] Some years earlier Charles’ father had been declared bankrupt and later, while struggling to maintain the family finances, imprisoned as an insolvent debtor in Lancaster Gaol. [ii] He and his family had moved to the house on Thomas Street, Douglas, where Charles was born, following his release from gaol in 1832. [iii]
When Charles was born, his father, who was busy promoting his “undulating railway” patent [iv] at the time, informed an associate that his wife was “this morning kind enough to add another civil engineer to my flock of lads”. [v] However, the child’s natural bent proved otherwise and he did not become an engineer. The family’s circumstances improved significantly during the following two years and they moved back to the mainland, setting up home, initially, at Woodseaves near Rocester in Staffordshire and subsequently at Cotton Hall near Alton, just a few miles away. [vi] Here, Charles and his younger siblings could enjoy exploring not only the rooms but also the extensive grounds of both mansions. Sadly their father’s health and financial situation deteriorated again and in 1839, he had to give up Cotton Hall and sell its contents to pay his debts. [vii], [viii] The strain of all this proved too great for Charles’ father who died, at the age 42, of in August that year leaving his widow with the problem of finding a home for the family. [ix] Nothing more is heard of the family until 1841, when Charles (then aged 8), Sarah his mother, his aunt Martha and his brother Edward, were recorded by the Census Enumerator, staying as visitors with Philip Gell of Hopton Hall near Ashbourne, Derbyshire. [x] In 1843, however, the family moved into a home of their own on Church Lane, Leek. It was a modest but comfortable house with a lovely view of the Roches from the drawing room, situated at the heart of the town not far from the home of Charles’ great-uncle William Phillips. [xi]
Badnall’s home in Leek (the end house)
Nothing is known of Charles Badnall’s early upbringing but it’s likely that he received his early education at home, from his mother and possibly, also a nurse. It is also likely, that he, like his sister Harriet, [xii] attended a boarding school for a number of years prior to his entering University College Durham, as an arts student, sometime prior to 1851. By 1851, Charles was fully involved in college activities including sport for in that year (and the following year) he was stroke in the school rowing club’s “1st Crew”. [xiii],[xiv] It seemed he was to follow his brother Hopkins’ example and eventually obtain his M.A. and his education progressed smoothly and without incident until July 1853. It was then that events took a course that must have surprised and disturbed his mother and the rest of the family – Charles was rusticated. The Master of Durham College took this action after Charles was identified as one of 6 masked students who, one night in May, entered the room a sleeping fellow student, Robert Dawson, bound his hands and feet with cords and cut off the hair closely on one side of his head, and left him with his head hanging over the bedside. They did this because of Dawson’s refusal to stop playing the piano, singing and making a noise in his rooms when students in neighbouring rooms had asked him to. Dawson subsequently complained to the University Council and stated that Charles Badnall was the only one he could identify.
University College Durham
Almost immediately it became known that Badnall had been rusticated, a fellow student, C. Brest Robinson, came forward and said that he had been one of the masked students but Charles had not. Charles' rustication was rescinded and Robinson was rusticated. When Dawson's case against the students concerned came up before the magistrates, a local bookseller stated that Charles had, on entering his shop, said, “I am rusticated.” and when the bookseller asked “ For what?“ he replied, “Oh, we have been cutting a fellow’s hair.” However, yet another student (a Mr Hand) who been one of the six, stated that Charles hadn't been with them. The magistrates fined those who had taken part in the assault but in view of the conflicting evidence in his case, gave Charles the benefit of the doubt.
That wasn't the end of the matter however, for Dawson, took the case against Charles and five others to the Court of Queen’s Bench, claiming £600 damages. The verdict was given in Dawson's favour and on Friday 10th March 1854 the case came up before the Sheriff at the Durham Assizes for sentencing. Fortunately, a compromise was reached between the two parties, before “the case was gone into”, with Badnall and his 5 fellow students agreeing to present £50 to the Mayor of Durham “to be distributed amongst the charities of the town”. [xv],[xvi] The whole affair was a set back to Charles and a shock to his mother. Potentially, the case could have affected Charles' reputation and future career, and depleted Sarah's limited resources. The final outcome was received with a sense of relief by whole family but was the affair forgotten or did it perhaps influence Charles' decision to emigrate to Australia, a few years later?
A New Life - New Country
when Charles Henry Fiennes Badnall emigrated to Australia is unknown but in 1885
he was described as "a colonist of 30 years". [xvii]
What is known is that, in January 1855, he witnessed a legal document in Leek,
Staffordshire and in June 1858, an Australian newspaper carried an advert in his
name, under the heading The Haywood Store, offering accommodation for
"Families, and Travellers" in his own house and good
accommodation for their horses in his "new and excellent livery
The dates appear to conflict with that of the photograph (above) of Charles and
his brothers William and Edward, which was taken, in England, on the 28th April
1858. But it may simply be that Charles had emigrated in 1885 and had returned
to England for a short visit, just prior to April 1858 leaving his business
affairs in the hands of an agent. It is worth noting in this context that an
Englishman, Mr Badnell, born 1833, arrived in Melbourne from Liverpool, on 1 Aug
1858, aboard the Sirroco. [xx]
the date on which Charles first sailed for Australia, he was certainly
established there by June 1858. He chose to settle in Heywood, a town on the
Fitzroy River in the state of Victoria, 17 miles north of Portland. The
settlement dated from about 1842 but wasn’t surveyed and named until 1852. The
first town allotments were sold in 1854 and a post office opened there on 8th
August 1857. [xxi] The latter event may be
significant with regard to Charles's first visit to Australia since he was
postmaster for many years, though the exact date at which he was appointed is
Charles evidently found his boarding house and store inadequate as full time occupations and sought new, more interesting applications for his skills. Thus it was that sometime prior to October 1858, he was appointed secretary of the Geelong Grammar School, an independent Anglican, co-educational, boarding and day school, then in the centre of Geelong, Victoria. [xxii] Established in 1855 under the auspices of the Church of England, it ran into financial problems in 1859 and couldn't pay its bills. Charles, who received and paid the bills, was called upon to give evidence and part way through the proceedings, it was alleged that he had absconded. This seems unlikely to have been true given his later employment by the government but he certainly gave up his post as secretary before the school closed down in 1860. [xxiii]
In the long term, the case does not seem to have affected him significantly and towards the end of 1862 he obtained a government post at Hamilton, as recorder to the Geodetic Survey of Victoria, a major survey undertaken to establish a grid system as a basis for the selection and sale of Crown Lands. [xxiv],[xxv] While carrying out his scientific work in the Portland district and on Julia Percy Island, which lies in Bass Strait, 6 km off the coast of western Victoria, Australia. Charles entered into an agreement with A. C. Allen, Inspector General of Plans and Surveys, concerning lands which he (Charles) and others had individually selected for allocation to them but which they subsequently combined for sale to Allen, at a profit. As a consequence of this action, Charles was called upon to give evidence to a Crown Lands Commission investigating this and other matters, in 1878-79. The implicit accusation against Mr A C Allan, was “dummyism” and therefore violation of the Land Act. His explanation for these (and other) purchases was that “as they stood” the lands seemed to him “to be neither saleable nor advantageously workable”, and that his only course was “to get others to select land adjacent to me and thus by blocking up together get into a favourable position for sale”. [xxvi] As far as is known, Charles Badnall’s involvement in this activity had no adverse repercussions.
When the survey of the Portland area had been completed and the survey camp to which Charles was attached broke up, he gave up his government post and a few years later, in May 1864, married Hannah, widow of Edmund Lee McKeand. She was the daughter of cotton manufacturer Nicholas Whitworth and his wife Sarah nee Barratt, of Manchester and was widowed in 1858, when her husband died of brain injuries sustained in a fall. [xxvii], [xxviii],[xxix]
Hannah was 14 years older than Charles and although she had 6 children under the age of 15 by her former husband, sadly the couple were not to have any children.[xxx] Charles may have already been in business with either of the two Edmund McKeands for in November that year The Argus announced the sale "of the stock-in-trade, book debts etc., in the insolvent estate of C. H. F. Badnall, trading as Badnall, McKeand, and Co., of Haywood, storekeeper". In hearings before the "Insolvent Court" the assignee of his estate reported that Badnall's land was mortgaged to its full extent, there was a scarcity of buyers for Badnall's stock-in-trade (estimated value £984) and although the value of the book debts was high (£701), he wasn't hopeful about the prospect of getting much for them. History seemed to be repeating itself for 6 years before Charles brother Edward had been jailed as an insolvent debtor just as their father had been some 25 years earlier. [xxxi] , [xxxii], [xxxiii] Despite this set back, Charles and Hannah and their family continued to live Heywood and to run their combined post office and shop. [xxxiv] The shop was principally Hannah's responsibility while Charles devoted himself to his other interests and activities, including his work as trustee of the Heywood Common School. [xxxv],[xxxvi] ,[xxxvii]
was very much involved in local affairs, including politics, for he was first
elected as a county councillor sometime prior to 1868 an office he occupied for
a number of years. He was also an active member of the Anglican church and used
his musical abilities in its service to such good effect that his friend,
Archdeacon Allnutt, was later to remind Charles' many friends and fellow
parishioners, of the debt they owed Charles for his "untiring labours in
regard to the musical portion of our services", in particular "His
efforts in the formation and conducting of the choir, and his valuable services
in connection with the obtaining of the organ". His musical
interest were, however, not confined to the church for he was also an active
member of a number of societies including the operatic society in whose
performances he participated. In 1873 Charles and Hannah decided to move
into Portland and the local newspaper lamented, "We have lost, within a
day or two, two of our old inhabitants, Mr and Mrs Badnall. Mr B. has been for
many years Postmaster and is succeeded by Mr A. McKeand. He will be much missed,
especially by members of the English Church, of which he was always a zealous
and active supporter, and of Mrs Badnall it might almost be said in the words of
Grattan "she rocked the cradle" of Heywood though happily
she "has not walked with its hearse." [xxxviii]
Charles' successor as postmaster was his stepson Alfred McKeand. Heywood's
loss, politically, was Portland's gain, for in 1877, the Hamilton
Spectator, in reporting on an impending election, informed its readers “Mr
C.H. Badnall is likely to come forward for Portland”. [xxxix]
Charles had, as one writer put it, "facile and ready pen", with which he "did much useful work during the several years in which he was connected with the Portland Guardian". When not working for the Guardian he was a correspondent for the Hamilton Spectator, writing letters which, it was said, "were always pleasant reading, even if not correct". [xl] In 1874 he decided to go into print on his own account and the correspondent for Border Watch's "Victorian Notes" announced that Portland was "to have a second journal, of which Mr. Charles Badnal, formerly of Heywood, is to be the editor". After reminding readers that the Western Times and Chronicle had not been successful, questioning whether there was room in Portland for two journals and stressing that readers seemed to prefer other journals to their own local ones, the writer concluded by suggesting that "when Mr. Badnal casts his shadow over the Press matters may mend". [xli] Sadly Charles' hopes of success were not to be realised and his venture into printing came to an end in March 1879, with the Portland Guardian reporting that "the partnership hitherto subsisting between Charles Henry Badnall and James J. R. M’Kean, trading as Jobbing Printers in Percy Street, Portland under the style of Badnall & M’Kean, of the Excelsior Printing Office had been dissolved by mutual consent. [xlii] Two years later Charles, who was described as " a journalist", was declared insolvent, a situation brought about by “the stoppage of annual income from England”. [xliii]
always seems to have been seeking other things to do so that in addition to his
journalism and his venture into newspaper publishing he also acted as managing
secretary to the Portland and Belfast Steam Navigation Company Ltd, a post he
held in 1877 when the company sought to raise additional capital by issuing £1
shares to a value of £20000. [xliv]
This post may have ended at or about the time he became insolvent in the early
1880s, when Charles first became seriously ill.
Nothing seemed to help improve his state-of-health and about two months before his death, he began to experience symptoms described, by the surgeon who attended him, as “syncope” i.e. repeated bouts of unconsciousness or fainting. In view of the outcome, it seems likely that Charles had an underlying heart problem, possibly brachycardia (slow resting heart rate), tachycardia (fast irregular rate) or some form of obstructive diseases e.g. aortic or mitral stenosis (narrowing of the heart’s valves restricting blood flow). [xlv] Throughout his illness he was lovingly nursed by his stepdaughter Sarah McKeand and a friend (Miss Walker) but despite their care and his physician’s efforts, he died at his home in Perry Street, on Friday 20th November1885, at just 51 years of age. [xlvi]
His death revealed the extent to which, despite his many reverses, Charles had established himself, as a well loved, respected and valued member of the community in and around Portland. His obituary in the Portland Guardian describes how, on the Saturday and Sunday following his death " flags were shown on the masts of the town and ships in the bay at half-mast as a token of respect for the deceased. His remains were interred in the South Cemetery on Sunday afternoon, with Masonic observances. The funeral procession was very numerous; the Rev. J. Bagley performed the rites of the church at the grave in an impressive and eloquent manner, and pointedly referred to the fact that the deceased had been energetic, constant, and indefatigable in his efforts on behalf of the Episcopalian Church of this town. [xlvii]
On Sunday, the choir St. Stephen's Anglican church in Portland, "was draped in black in token of respect to the late Mr. C. H. Badnall, who for many years had been its leading member." Archdeacon Allnutt officiated and in his opening remarks said: "We meet to-night under circumstances of peculiar gloom, for to-day the grave has received one greatly-beloved by many in this town and neighbourhood a man for whom I have cherished unclouded affection for 16 years, for who that knew him well could help loving the genial, courteous, kind-hearted and gifted Charles Badnall. But it is not so much for these qualities of' mind and heart that I mention his name. In this sacred place to-night, but rather because of his untiring labours in regard to the musical portion of our services-for these he has laid the congregations under a debt of gratitude -for these he will long be remembered.” [xlviii]
For Hannah, his wife, life had to carry on and for a number of years she continued to live in their 13 roomed home on Percy Street, Portland but in 1891 she moved to Warrnambool to live with her married daughter, Mrs A. Hardie. [xlix] It was in her daughter's home that she died on 9th July 1904. Her local newspaper, the Argus, subsequently informed her friends and neighbours that “News has been received here of the death, at the age of 86 years, of Mrs Badnall. The deceased was well known in this district having been, for some 30 odd years since, post mistress of Heywood. She was the widow of the late C. H. Badnall, a well-known Western District journalist, who died some 18 years ago.” [l], [li]
Charles had never entirely lost contact with his family in England though time taken to receive news of the state of Charles' health was worryingly long for his mother and his brothers. The news of his death, although not unexpected was still a bad shock for those he left behind in England, most of all for his mother, for he was the third of her 5 sons to die. Her grief over her youngest son's death may have contributed to her death just two months later. In her will she remembered her Charley's stepdaughter, Sarah McKeand and a friend, Miss Walker, who had "lovingly nursed" him in his last illness. [lii]
[i] Parish Register Transcripts St. Matthew’s Church, Douglas, Isle of Man, 1705 to 1803. CJCLS Film No. 0106718 Family History Library, Utah, USA. .
[ii] The London Gazette, Issue 18420 published on the 4 December 1827 (2498) The Commissioners in a Commission of Bankrupt awarded and issued forth against Richard Badnall the younger, Francis Gybbon Spilsbury, and Henry Cruso, of Leek, in the County of Stafford, Silk-Manufacturers and Dyers, Dealers and Chapmen, and Copartners, intend to meet on the 14th of December instant, at Ten in the Forenoon, at the Court of Commissioners of Bankrupts, in Basinghall-Street, in the City of London (by further adjournment from (the 6th day of November last), in order to take the Last Examination of Richard Badnall the .younger, one of the said Bankrupts; when and where he is required to surrender himself and make a full discovery and disclosure of his estate arid effects and finish his examination; and the Creditors, who have not .already proved their debts, are to come prepared to prove the same, and, with those who have already proved their debts, assent to or dissent from the allowance of his certificate
[iii] The London Gazette Issue 18911, page 518, March-April 1832:
[iv] Badnall, Richard junr. A Treatise on Railway Improvements": Sherwood, Gilbert & Piper, London 1833
[v] Salford University. ILI–Library: Archives & Special Collections: RPB: Richard Badnall Papers 1832-1834: RBP/1/ Badnall to K. J. L. Gardener, Manchester Jan 1833
[vi] SRO: D3359/5/3/24. The Diary of Mrs Mary Elizabeth Cruso 1837. Entries for 26th to 28th April 1837.
[vii] SRO. D3359/4/4/16 Miscellaneous items: A writ of fieri facias was issued in the Court of Common Pleas for £69-6s-l0d plus interest; a writ for a debt of £1550 was issued in the Court of Queens Bench “27th March last” plus a further writ “issued on the 29th March last” to Richard Attwood re a debt of £158-9s-0d. and a writ was also issued on the 8th April to John Betteridge and Aaron for £39-7s-0d.
[viii] SRO: D3359/4/2/24 Sale catalogues, one annotated, of the entire household furniture, paintings and plants at Cotton Hall near Cheadle belonging to Richard Badnall who is changing his residence : sale account, related correspondence and papers including assignment of effects seized under a writ of fieri facias, Housman v Richard Badnall, 1839 : also correspondence re interest payable to Mr Badnall in Badnall v Phillips, 1839
[ix] Staffordshire Advertiser: Index of Births, Marriages & Deaths, 1795-1860. Richard Badnall at Weston near Bath 10 August 1839.
[x] Census of England & Wales 1841. HO 107/198/15 Hopton Hall, Hopton, Derbyshire
[xi] Bednall Collection, BC2/198: Release of a plot of land in Leek, Staffordshire, with a covenant for the production of deeds. Between George Nathaniel Best of Bayfield Hall, Norfolk and Joanna Elizabeth his wife; (2) Sarah Badnall of Leek, widow, and (3) Daniel Colquhoun, silk manufacturer, of Leek, Staffordshire, dated 29th September 1843.
[xii] Census of England & Wales 1841: Duddleston & Nechells, Aston, Birmingham. National Archives (UK) Reference: H0 107, Piece 1149 / 9; Folio 14; Page 20.
[xiii] Census of England & Wales 1851 Place St Oswald District, Durham, Sub-district St Oswald. County Durham. PRO Reference: HO107, Piece 2390, Folio 156, Page 37. Schedule number 133; Address: Crossgate, Durham; Name Charles H BADNALL ; Relationship: Border ; Condition: Unmarried; Age : 18; Occupation: Scholar ; Birth place: Isle Of Man IOM ;
[xiv] Register of Durham school January 1840 to December 1907. L. A. Body & C. S. Earle. School Yearbooks 1908 page 269.
[xv] The Newcastle Courant 1 July 1853 Issue 9317
[xvi] Wells Journal Sat 11 March 1854, page 5, cols 5 and 6
[xvii] Portland Guardian, Victoria, Australia. Tuesday, 24 November 1885 page 1 col. 6
[xix] Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876) Thursday 15 June 1858 page 3 cols 5.
[xx]Ancestry.com. Victoria, Australia, Assisted and Unassisted Passenger Lists, 1839–1923 Inward Overseas Passenger Lists (British Ports) Series: VPRS 7666; Microfiche Copy of VPRS 947 Name: Mr Badnell [possibly not CHF Badnall] Estimated Birth Year: abt 1833 Age: 25; Arrival Date:1 Aug 1858; Arrival Port: Melbourne, Australia; Departure Port: Liverpool; Ship: Sirocco; Nationality: English.
[xxi] Heywood Victoria, Australia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indigenous_Australians See also http://www.swvic.org/heywood/index.html
[xxii] Charles H. Badnall, Secretary to The Geelong Grammar School. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954) Saturday 27 November 1858 Page7.
[xxiii] Geelong Grammar School –Early History. http://www.ggs.vic.edu.au/about/History/Timeline.aspx
[xxiv] The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) Wednesday 27 October 1858 p 8 col. 5
A key piece of evidence in a subsequent court case was a letter from Charles
Badnall requesting the bishop [of Geelong] to attend and sign a bond of
indemnity, which would throw no obligations on the trustees more than they had
already incurred. The Bishop declined to sign stating that he had incurred no
pecuniary responsibility on account of the Geelong Grammar School. Taylor
versus Perry and others in the County Court, Geelong, Victoria, Australia.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Tuesday 9 April 1861 Page 6
[xxvi] Yeoman and Bureaucrats; The Victorian Crown Lands Commission 1878-1879. J.M.Powell, Oxford 1973. pages 235 to 237 and pages 242 to 243. See also the National Geodetic Survey of Australia by John Manning. (Paper 8). http://www.surveyors.org.nz/Documents/Paper%208%20-%20J%20Manning.pdf and The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954) Tuesday 27 August 1878 Page 6.
The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Monday 31 May 1858 Page 5
On the 29th inst., suddenly, from concussion of the brain, the result of a
fall, Mr. Edmund Lee McKeand, sen., Darebin Creek, near Heidelberg, aged 62
[xxviii] Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876) Thursday 19 May 1864 Edition: Evening, p 2 Family Notices. Hannah was the daughter of cotton manufacturer Nicholas Whitworth and his wife Sarah nee Barratt, of Manchester
[xxix] Portland Guardian, Victoria, Australia Tuesday 24 November 1885 page 1 col. 6
[xxx] Charles Henry Fiennes Badnall died in Ferry Street, Portland, Victoria, Australia, on 20 November 1885. Victoria State Records -Death Reg No 1885 -13346. Mrs Hannah Badnall died, age 86. in Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia on 9th July 1904. Register of Deaths in Victoria, Australia Victoria State Records -Death Reg No: 10863.
[xxxi] Advert inviting tenders for the stock-in-trade, book debts &c. of the insolvent C. H. F. Badnall, trading as Badnall, McKeand, and Co., of Haywood, storekeeper. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Wednesday 30 November 1864 Page 8 col.2
[xxxii] Report of the assignee of C.H.F Badnall's insolvent estate to the Insolvent Court. The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Saturday 11 February 1865 Page 6 col 6
[xxxiii] The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Wednesday 6 November 1867, page 1 column 4
[xxxiv] The first town allotments were sold in 1854 so the Badnall's were amongst its first inhabitants
[xxxv] See “The Victorian Post Office Directory”: 1866, page 220, Heywood and “ The Victorian Post Office Directory”, H.Wise, 1868 –Collingwood.
[xxxvi] Names in Australian Government Gazettes, Victoria c1858–1900. www.familyhistoryonline.net/index/database/GSVGovtGazettes.shtml
Unclaimed Ship Letters
Notice to Licensees in Arrears
[xxxvii] Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876) Thursday 9 January 1868 Edition: Evening. p 2 Article
[xxxviii] Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser Tuesday 23 September 1873, Page 2 , col. 4
[xxxix] The Argus (Melbourne, Vic.: 1848-1954) Tuesday 3 April 1877 page 4.
[xl] Border Watch (Mount Gambier, SA : 1861 - 1954) Saturday 11 July 1874, page 4. col. 1
[xli] Portland Guardian, Victoria, Australia Tuesday 24 November 1885 page 1 col. 6
[xlii] Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953) Thursday 6 March 1879 page 3, col. 1
[xliii] Source: Insolvencies Listed in The Age Newspaper, Melbourne, Australia. 18 April 1881, C. H. F. Badnall, journalist, Portland, South Australia. The sum involved was not large (liabilities of £210 compared to assets of £140).
[xliv] The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954) Friday 17 August 1877 Page 8 col.3
[xlv] Victoria State Records -Death Reg No 1885 -13346. Charles Henry Fiennes Badnall died in F/Perry Street, Portland, Victoria, Australia, on 20 November 1885.
[xlvi] Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953) Tuesday 24 November 1885, Page 2, col.3.
[xlvii] Portland Guardian, Victoria, Australia, Tuesday 24 November 1885 page 1 col. 6
[xlix] Portland Guardian (Vic. : 1876 - 1953) Monday 6 April 1891 Page 2, col. 1 To Let. For One Or Two Years, The House Lately Occcupied By Mrs. Badnall, Containlng Thirteen Rooms, Situated in Percy street. For particulars apply to Mr T. W. Smith, "Lunagore House” Perry Street.
[l] The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954) Friday 15 July 1904, page 6. col. 5
[li] Portland Guardian and Normanby General Advertiser (Vic. : 1842 - 1876) Monday 11 July 1904 page 1 cols 1
[lii] Barn Collection-Gawsworth: Challinor & Shaw Copy Will Books. Vol. ? Page: 180 Office Copy of the Will of Sarah Badnall of Leek 18th January 1886. Testator died 22nd January 1886. Probate granted: Principal Registry 1st March 1886.
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