Bednall Collection Part 2 (BC2) No.s 501 to 525   

The Bednall Archive 

Last updated 04/01/2006






Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft articles of partnership between Messrs Thomas Sutton of Leek, Staffordshire, William Sutton of Leek, Frances Wakeman of Leek, and John Hand of Leek, all manufacturers of silk ribbons, buttons and twist trading under the name "Suttons, Wakeman & Hand". Cruso, Leek, Staffordshire 1st September 1815. Engrossed 25 September 1816. The partners became partners on the 11th January 1815 and to prevent disputes decided to draw up a formal agreement. The partnership was to last for 10 years commencing 1st January 1815. The working capital was £10,000 provided by the four partners in equal shares of £2500. The trade was to be carried on within the warehouses, shops, shades or buildings situated in Custard Lane and Mill Street, Leek, Staffordshire and in other buildings that they from time to time agree upon. Thomas Sutton was to take £3-3s and the others £2-2s, was to be taken by the partners, every Tuesday, for their maintenance.

Sutton; Wakeman; Hand; Cruso; Keates; Hand;


Leek, Staffordshire; Alderley, Cheshire;

Draft conveyance (with plan) of the Compton silk mill, warehouse and houses, land and premises in Leek, Staffordshire from George Henry Massey of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manager, Sherriff Blades of Alderley Edge, Cheshire, bank manager, Florence Bermingham of Leek, widow, and Joseph Francis Bermingham of Leek, silk manufacturer, to Herbert Trafford and Job White, both of Leek, silk manufacturers trading as " Trafford, White & Company at Leek, for £6250. Challinor & Shaw, Leek, 28 September 1912. The Compton Mill is described as a silk mill on the north side of Duke Street, Leek formerly in the holding of J & H. Bermingham.

Massey; Blades; Bermingham; Trafford; White; Challinor; Arkcoll; Gee; Parr; Gallimore; Shaw; Lloyd;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft articles of partnership between Sir Thomas Wardle of Leek, Staffordshire, Knight, and Mr. Arthur Henry Wardle of Leek as silk, linen and cotton dyers and finishers. Dated 1905. The style of the firm was to be "Sir Thomas & Arthur H. Wardle" and was to be carried on at the Churnet Works in Leek, Staffordshire, with rent of £150 a year being paid by the company to Sir Thomas Wardle for the use of the machinery and fixed plant on the premises. The document has been overwritten in pencil to form the basis for a similar agreement between Arthur Henry Wardle of Leek and James Dishley to take effect from 1st July 1913.

Wardle; Dishley;


Leek, Staffordshire; London;

Miscellaneous items relating to the affairs of the Fowler-Gaunt family of Leek, Staffordshire, 1844 to 1850.

(1)Highfield Estate: rents 1845-1847.

(2) Memo of cash paid to Mr Towgood on account 16 October 1846.

(3( Notice to quit his share of Highfield Hall, Leek, from Josiah Gaunt to Mrs Sarah Fowler. April 1844.

(4) Notice of the short term suspension of the bank carried on by Gaunt & Gray owing to the death of Mrs Fowler and the serious indisposition of John Gaunt the managing partner.

(5) Receipt from W. Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire, solicitor, acknowledging the receipt from John Gaunt of a bill accepted by Messrs McLarie Fisher & Co. for £123-10s-0d, as a further payment of an amount due from the late firm of Gaunt & Gray, to the executors of the late Mrs Fowler with regard to a debt of £952.

(6) Copy of correspondence between Messrs Hornby & Towgood of London and John Gaunt of Leek, Staffordshire, 11 - 20 May 1848. It concerns the claim by his mother's executors against the estate of Gaunt, Gray & Co amounting to £953-1s-8d. Gaunt states that "there are no funds to meet the sum" nor could he see any possibility of there being any.

(7) Memorandum (signed and stamped) from Frederick Gaunt charging his share of the Highfield Estate, Leek, Staffordshire, and a mill (occupied by Messrs Gould & Son) and other property in Horton Street, Leek, with the sum of £20 and interest, with respect to a loan made to his by William Challinor of Leek. 23 April 1871.

Gaunt; Stevenson; Clowes; Cave; Tredwell; Fowler; Shallcross; Towggod; Gray; Fisher; Hornby; Challinor;


Leek, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Stoke-on-Trent, Stone, Staffordshire; Macclesfield, Cheshire; Derby, Ilkeston, Derbyshire; Kettering, Northampton, Northants; Halifax, Yorkshire; Birmingham' Leicester;

Bankrupt's Statement of Affairs for First Meeting (Bankruptcy Act 1969) In the Cheshire County Court held at Macclesfield re the bankruptcy of James Birchenough of Novi Lane, Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer 19 July 1877.

Birchenough's home and factory consisted of a house and silk shade or mill with outhouses and land in Novi Lane, Leek valued at £450. His total assets were values at £162-2s-4d and his total debts at £716-1s-1d. Most of his creditors were firms or people in Leek and Macclesfield. His greatest creditor was the firm of J & J. Brunt of Great King Street, Macclesfield, silk brokers, who were owed £455-7s and his second greatest creditor was Henry Bradwell of King Street, Leek, silk broker who was owed £144-6s. These tow accounted for 84% of Birchenough's debts. Birchenough also had two secured creditors the largest of whom was the Leek United Permanent Benefit Building Society of 52 St. Edward Street, Leek who were owed £367-5s-8d. The other secured creditor was John Plant of the Cock Inn, Market Place, Leek who had given Birchenough £33-17s worth of credit. Birchenough was supplying drapers, tailors, machinists, and shoe makers in (amongst other places) Leek, Leicester, Kettering, Derby, Northampton, Newcastle, stoke-on-Trent, Ilkeston (Derbyshire) and Stone (Staffordshire).

Birchenough; Brunt; Bradwell; Davenport; Wardle; Clowees; Stafford; Tatton; Clayton; Marsdrn; Holden; Cheethan; Phillip; Cohen; Fleming; Brown;Akers; Leadley; Savage;Watmough. Smith; Merry; Philbin; Grain; Walker; Eling; Newman; Hastings; Johnson; Perkins; Trafford; Plant;


Larkington, Durham; Leek, Madeley, Staffordshire; Nottingham, Sutton-in-Asfield, Hucknall, Sutton, Nottinghamshire; Shrewsbury, Shropshire; Chelsea, Westminster, Middlesex; Shephall Bury, Hertfordshire; Manchester; Charcot, Somerset;

Abstract of the title of Joshua Brough, Thomas Birch, Robert Hammersley and john Brough to a plot of land at Ball Haye, Leek, Staffordshire sold to the Trustees of St. Luke's Parsonage House. Challinor Badnall & Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire 1856. The land was part of the Ball Haye Estate. The title starts with the settlement made on the marriage of John Davenport the younger, of Leek, Staffordshire and Hannah Rhodes of Shrewsbury, spinster, dated 6th & 7th February 1759. The settlement property included not only the Ball Haye Estate but also Bradshaw Hall in Longsden, Leek to which Hannah Rhodes was legally entitled in her own right.

Davenport; Birch; Hammersley; Brough; Rhodes; Blakeway; Birtles; Hulme; Ford; Cope; Mills; Mellor; Rushton; Johnson; Cruso; Unwin; Heathcote; Heygate; Rawlinson; Catlow; Bilson; Fergyson; Badnall; Challinor; Brunel; Holdship; Brocklehurst; Steer; Brodhurst;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft dissolution of the partnership between Thomas and Frederick Hammersley of Leek, Staffordshire, silk merchants trading as "F. Hammersley & Co" under articles of agreement dated 1862. The partnership was to be dissolved because Thomas Hammersley wished to retire. All arrangements with regard to capital, assets, dues, etc. had been settled previously so no details are given except that Thomas Hammersley had received £470 in final settlement. However, crossed out notes in red ink state that the firm was owed £3189 8s : 8d by various creditors and owed £2883 : 12s by varous debtors.



Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft grant of houses, a silk shade and land situated at Compton, Leek, Staffordshire by Thomas Goddard of Leek, Staffordshire, silk twister, Mary Chell of Leek, widow and George Walker of Leek, innkeeper, to William Goostrey of Leek, paper manufacturer. Redfern, Leek, 12 August 1852. Goostrey paid £615 for a 696 square yard plot of land in Cornhill Street, Leek that was part of Compton Field and bounded on the North by Cornhill Street, on the South by a pathway, on the East by the premises of Messrs John Wreford & Company and on the West by land belonging to Vernon Royle and Thomas Compton. On the land stood a silk shade, houses and other buildings.

Goddard; Chell; Walker; Goostrey; Redfern; Compton; Birchenough; Hacker; Royle; Compton; Wreford;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft conveyance of four cottages and outbuildings on the east side of Peacock's Lane or Cross Street on Leek Moor, Leek, Staffordshire by Micah Brunt of Ball Haye, Leek, Staffordshire, baker and shopkeeper, to Messrs John Brough and Joshua Nicholson both of Leek, silk manufacturers for £200. Challinor & Co., Leek, 4 September 1863. The cottages were occupied by Stephen Sherratt, Thomas Fisher and Jane Jones. One had formerly been occupied by Job Tatton. A note included with this document states that the property adjoined a mill.

Brough; Nicholson; Brunt; Sherratt; Tatton; Jones; Fisher; Challinor;


Wortley, sheffield, Yorkshire; Uttoxeter, Staffordshire; Dublin; Winchester; Mainstone, Kent; Tolpuddle, Dorset; Derby, Norbury, Snelston, Derbyshire;

Miscellaneous documents relating to the affairs of the Broughton and Pennell families.

[1] Copy draft declaration of trust and indemnity relating to the shares of Clement Lacon Granville Broughton and Bryan William Percival Broughton in the proceeds of a policy on the life of the Revd Clement F. Broughton, Lee Boulton & Lee, Westminster, London & Hand & Co, Uttoxeter, 1880.

[2] Copy of receipts signed by recipients of shares in the proceeds of a Clergy Mutual Insurance Policy on the life of the Revd Clement Francis Broughton of Uttoxeter, deceased. 1880.

[3] List of recipients of shares in the proceeds of a Clergy Mutual Insurance Policy on the life of the Revd Clement Francis Broughton of Uttoxeter, deceased. Giving amounts received. 1880.

[4] Notice by Francis Bryan Hand, the executor of the Revd Clement Francis Broughton late of Snelston, Derbyshire, deceased, of his intention to pay off the principal and interest on a security made to Mr B. S. Currey and William Briggs of Derby. 2 September 1879.

[5] Queries re W. Pennell esquire, deceased 8 November 1883. These concern money paid into banks at Uttoxeter (Staffs) and Ashbourne (Derbyshire), payments to F. B. Hand and the Broughton children as well as questions as to the date of Revd Clement F. Broughton's death.

[6] Pennell's Trust. A statement to show how dividends and interest received by T. C. Sneyd-Kynnersley were distributed in February 1885. It includes interest on payments made out of the Pennell Trust Fund to the children of the Revd Clement Francis Broughton.

Broughton; Hand; Campbell; Chenevix; Harrison; Freeman; Hunter; Nashe;


Eccleshall, Leek, Tean, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire; Ashbourne, Snelston, Norbury, Derbyshire; St. Pancras, Westminster, London; Derby; Wortley, Sheffield, Yorkshire; Dorchester, Dorset;

42 miscellaneous letters and other items relating to the estate of the Revd. Clement Francis Broughton of Snelston, Derbyshire, deceased 1879 to 1887.

[1 to 30] Letters between Francis Hand of Uttoxeter, solicitor and trustee of the Broughton estate, members of the Broughton family, the Clergy Mutual Assurance Society and the Fire & Life Insurance Society.

[31] Notes re bidding in the sale of Broughton-Pennell property at 11 Princes Gate, 1 Hyde Park Gate and 27 Queens Gate Terrace, London 16 May 1882. The prices reached £300, £7000 and £4800 respectively.

[[35] Minutes of income from the Pennell Estate and how it was applied 27 November 1883. Shows the amounts received by various Broughtons.

[37] Press copy statement showing how the dividends received under the Pennell Trust (the Revd Clement Francis Broughton's second marriage settlement) were distributed. Challinor & Co, Leek, Staffordshire, solicitors, 7 October 1885.

[38] Statement of un-administered estate of the late Revd. Clement Francis Broughton. 2 February 1886. This mentions a mortgage "of home at Tean, Staffordshire.

[40] Signed and stamped receipt from Walter B. Broughton of the Vicarage, Dorchester to C. J. E. Broughton, surviving trustee of the late Revd Clement Francis Broughton, 6 May 1886.

[41] Memo from the Union Bank Limited, Uttoxeter, 7 February 1887 to J.Challinor of Leek, Staffordshire. Statement of the Broughton-Pennell account listing (amongst other things) average current a/c interest rates -2 to 2.5 %.

[42] List of certificates required by the Clergy Mutual Assurance Society to confirm rights to payment of policy on the life of the Revd. Clement Francis Broughton, deceased, October 1879. This gives dates of baptism, marriage and burial of Clement Francis Broughton and various members of his family.

Broughton; Hand; Pennell; Challinor; Hare; Sanders;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Miscellaneous Hammersley documents.

[1] Copy summons as to the letting of Lovatt & Gould's Mill in Mill Street, Leek, Staffordshire, drawn up for the cases of Haley v Hammersley and Hammersley v Hammersley in Chancey, 16 July 1869. The application was to allow Jospeh Haley, Frederick Hammersley, William Henry Hammersley and Eli Atkins and the executors of Robert Hammersley, deceased, to let the Mill Street silk mill in Leek, Staffordshire, its machinery, garden and land, as mortgaged by John Lovatt & Joseph Gould to the executors of Robert Hammersley for £9800 by indentures dated 29 September 1853 and 24 December 1856 and subsequently transferred by them under an order in Chancery dated 22 July 1861 and an indenture dated 16 January 1862 to Joseph Haley and Frederick Hammersley as a security for sums due from Robert Hammersley's executors to the estate of William Hammersley, to Messrs F. Hammersley & Co and Messrs William Broster & Co. Leek, from the 25 December 1869 as tenants from year to year at a rent of £400.

Hand written notes in the margin state that Messrs T & F. Hammersley say that Messrs Broster holds no. 1 & no. 2 rooms, F. Hammersley & J.W. occupy half no.3 and the whole of no.4 and half of no.6. The machinery they say is little more value than old iron -had been made for the mill. If machinery was removed out of …no.3 -we would occupy that unb…part of no.6 which would be a convenience. If party who wanted to take mill & machinery for purpose for which mill -it might be of some use.

[2] Hand written list of occupancy and rents of parts of the mill. The occupants are listed as Frederick Hammersley & Co.; Messrs Broster & Co.; Hezekiah Walmsley and Jesse Rigby (upper floor for £80) and Charles Booth (Turners shop ground floor). The annual rents were: Upper Floor £80; 2nd Floor £90; 3rd Floor £100; 4th Floor £100; 5th Floor 110; and ground Floor £120. Total £600 p.a.

[3] Letter from W. Fisher of Sycamore House Forest, Edmonton, A. to Redfern jnr of Leek, Staffordshire, dated 2 August 1878, concerning Walmsley & Hammersley and bills between them and Fisher that Fisher could not find. Fisher's claim is given. It includes drawn by Fisher on and accepted by Walmsley Hammersley & Co., and bills drawn by Walmsley & Hammersley & Co., and accepted by W. O. Pearson.

Haley; Hammersley; Bull; Davenport; Lovatt; Gould; Johnson; Allen; Atkin; Broster; Walmsley; Booth; Rigby;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Letter from Thomas Hammersley of Leek, Staffordshire to William Challinor of Leek, solicitor, dated 25 December 1867. Hammersley mentions a letter he had received from "Mr Joseph" (Challinor) concerning the transfer of his (Hammersley's) papers. He asks Challinor to obtain £1000 for him by "next week, otherwise "it will be very serious for me". He would, he said, have to "suspend business" and that he wished to avoid doing so "as things are beginning to present a better aspect".

Hammersley; Challinor;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft notice, dated 1869, by James Brindley of Leek, Staffordshire, miller, to the Joshua Brough and Mountford Finney, two of the Leek Improvement Commissioners, stating that he as occupier of the Leek corn mill on the River Churnett at the bottom of Mill Street, Leek, that he was going to commence action within a few days take action because the Commissioners had diverted or obstructed brooks, streams and springs and turned a considerable volume of water that would have flowed to his mill. This, he said, had caused great injury and damage to him.

Brindley; Brough; Finney; Redfern.


Leek, Staffordshire;

Letter, dated 28 August 1865, from Hacker & Allen, Leek, Staffordshire, solicitors, to James Walker of Leek. It states that Messrs Bentley & Whittles of Leek, silk manufacturers, "find it necessary, in consequence of losses by bad debts and the long continued high price of raw silks, to lay a statement of their affairs before their creditors and we shall therefore feel obliged if you will attend a meeting for that purpose at their warehouse at the Wellington Mill in this Town on Thursday next the 31st instant at 12 0'clock at noon."

A pencilled footnote states "In a/c about £178.. J.W. may have received £100 since ../62. I have only received 10/ since Christmas.


Bentley; Whittles; Walker; Hacker; Allen;


Nantwich, Cheshire; Longton, Hanley, Newcastle, Standon, Stafford, Stone, Swynnerton, Eccleshall, Staffordshire; Belfast; Wellington, Somerset; Liverpool; London;

Estate Duty Form 6 Affidavit for Inland Revenue by Benjamin Joseph Finney of Sandyford Farm, Swynnerton, Staffordshire and Charles Lawton of Badenhall near Eccleshall, Staffordshire, both farmers, re the estate of William Bennison of Mill Meece, Eccleshall, Staffordshire, farmer and miller, who died on 9th September 1912 at the age of 46. The gross value of his estate was £5801:19s:2d. His stock in tade, live and dead stock, implements of husbandry, etc were valued at £2437:15s:0d. A schedule of his debts and his creditors is included. His real estate included houses and a shop in Newcastle, Staffordshire; A garden in Eccleshall occupied by Lawton; 6 fields, a building and a barn in Wooton, Eccleshall, Staffordshire plus another 4 fields in the same place (all pasture) all occupied by William Moat.

Bennison; Finney; Lawton; Gosse; Averill; Brown; Jones; Hutchinson; Gardener; Flint; Brandon; Burgess; Fitzherbert; Giles; Gregory; Hammond; Ireland; Lindop; Malkin; Macleod; Macfie; Milward; Moat; Peaks; Hocknell; Davies; Talbot; Cotes; Sneyd;Walters; Welch; Watkins; Whittaker;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Documents relating to property at Barngates, Leek, Staffordshire.

[1] Copy declaration by John Cruso identifying two fields situated in Barn Gates near Leek, Staffordshire and called The Stable Field and garden and The Dragon's Croft 8 February 1841. Heathcote Hacker, Leek. John Cruso (junior) stated he was 50 years of age and had lived in Leek all his life. His affidavit includes his being acquainted with James Hulme M.D. of Ball Haye, Leek the reputed owner of the fields in question; his knowledge of a conveyance dated 22 October 1765 from Lawrence Stanley and others to William Key, button merchant, of a piece of land called The Ell adjoining to the North, the Stable Field and Garden. The key details of the conveyance are cited. The Ell (two days work) was said (1765) to be lately in the holding of Widow Brindley and bounded on the North and West sides by the lands of John Davenport, William Key and Francis Sleigh and on the South and East sides by lands of Joshua Strangman and William Hyde. Cruso also had in his possession the deed dated 25 June 1782 by which the bankrupt William Key and his assignes conveyed (amongst other hereditaments) land called the Ell to John Davenport. The land was then in the tenure of Samuel Sleigh and contained about three roods and nine perches " which is laid to a field called the Well Field also purchased by the said John Davenport from the said Henry Fowler and Simon Debank and bounded on the North by the lands of the said John Davenport and on the south and East by the lands of Joshua Strangman and on the West by the said Well Field. Key also conveyed the Well Field (1 acre 3 roods and 9 perches) adjoining on the North side to the Stable Field. It was bounded on the West by lands "late of the said William Key but now of Mr John Daintry. Key and his trustee James Lucas had purchased the Well Ground from Frances Sleigh and subsequently sold a part of it to Joshua Strangman. In a deed dated 4 October 1799, The Ell and The Well Field were conveyed by John Davenport to Michael Daintry.

[2] Copy declaration by John Heathcote Hacker, of Leek, Staffordshire verifying extracts from the Poor Rates Books as to two fields situated at Barn Gates, Leek called The Stable Field and Garden and The Dragon Croft, and by 80 year old Joseph Davenport of Leek, Staffordshire, baker, identifying the same. Heathcoat Hacker, Leek, 6 February 1841. Joseph Davenport stated that he had lived in Leek all his life and that he knew the land at Barn Gates which lay on the south side of and fronting the road leading from Leek to Westwood. The Stable Field with the garden at the southwest end containing 1 acre 1 rood and 27 perches, and the Dragon Croft "which lies next above the said piece called the Stable Field" containing 1 acre 1 rood and 22 perches.

[3] Declaration by William Cumberledge of Leekmoor, Leek, Staffordshire, farmer that he had purchased the hay grass on two closes of land in Barn Gates, Leek in June or July 1839, from Isaac Hammond of Leek for £20. Signed and witnessed 13 April 1853.

[4]Declaration by Thomas Gascoyne of Leek, Staffordshire, innkeeper, that he had rented two closes of land in Barn Gates, Leek, for one year beginning Lady Day 1840, from Isaac Hammond of Leek. He held the land for 6 years. Signed and witnessed 13 April 1853.

[5] James Davenport Hulme's Trustees to Hammond, Requisitions on Title to two closes of Land in Barn Gates.1852. Redfern, Leek, Staffordshire.

[6] Office copy of the will of Thomas Shirley of Barn Gates near Leek, Staffordshire, husbandman. 25 March 1756. He left four houses standing at Barn Gates, Leek, wherein he, Samuel Hulme, his son-in-law Samuel Toft and his sister Patience "now severally do dwell". To his wife Sarah for life. The description mentions outhouse, buildings, cowhouses, orchards, gardens, yards, etc. After her death, the house occupied by Samuel Hulme he gave to his daughter Sarah for life for her own separate use "without control of her husband". After his daughters death it was to pass to Sarah's daughter Hannah Ribson and her heirs. If their were no heirs, it was to pass to the heirs of his daughter Mary Toft wife of Samuel Toft and their heirs forever. The house held by his son-in-law Samuel Toft was to pass to Samuel Toft on the death of the testator's wife, for life and after Toft's death, to the testator's daughter Mary for life and after her death to her various children as tenants in common. The house in which testator's sister Patience's hands, and the one he dwelt in, he gave (after his wife Sarah's death) to his son Thomas Shirley for ever. He also gave his daughter Sarah Ribson and her daughter Hannah, £5 each; his daughter Mary Toft £4.. Daughter Sarah was also to receive one bed with bedstocks, blankets, sheets, etc. He appointed his daughter Sarah as his executor. Thomas Shirley's will was witnessed by William and Catherine Condlyffe and Samuel Lucas. It was proved at Lichfield on 27th April 1758 on the oath of Sarah Shirley, widow, sole executorix.

Cruso; Shirley, Stanley; Key; Hulme; Daintry; Strangman; Leigh; Hyde; Davenport; Sleigh; Brindley; Lucas; Heathcote Hacker; Fowler; Debank; Walmsley; Bullock; Cope; Challinor; Griffin; Hawkins; Unwin; Cumberledge; Gascoyne; Redfern; Ribson; Toft;


Leek, Staffordshire; Nottingham;

Draft affidavit of James Alsop of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer, to prove a debt owed by Bywater to Messrs Gaunt & Co's debt against John Bywater of Nottingham, tailor and bankrupt. Redfern, Leek, 8 December 1858. The debt was for money paid to Messrs Spilsbury & Downes and for goods sold and delivered by Messrs Gaunt to John Bywater and to James Bywater deceased. Before John Bywater became bankrupt (I.e. between 30th December 1847 and 21 April 1849]. The total owed was almost £120,

Gaunt; Wain; Wardle; Alsop; Bywater;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Draft Memorandum of Articles of Association of Sheldon & Company Ltd, manufacturers and importers and dealers in silk, cloth wool, worsted, plush, satin, yarn cambric, muslin, felt, mungo, shoddy, cotton, oilskin and textiles and fabrics generally. Also to carry on the business as spinners, weavers, hemstitchers, plaiters, knitters, embroiders, tailors, dressmakers, costumiers, boot and shoe makers, glovers, hatters, dyers, cleaners, washers, bleachers, printers, drapers, tanners, curriers, leather manufacturers, brace and belt makers, goldsmiths, silversmiths, watchmakers, and jewellers, rubber goods manufacturers, furniture dealers, engineers, electricians, ship owners, barge owners, lightermen, wharfingers, storage contractors, carriers, garage proprietors, and general outfitters and storekeepers. To this was added "blouse and neckwear, scarf and handkerchief manufacturers. The share capital was £2500. The first directors were to be Jack Sheldon of Forest Cottage, Macclesfield, silk manufacturer, Frank Palmer of Broken Cross, Macclesfield, silk manufacturer and Florence May Peake of Sunnyside, Park Grove, Macclesfield, spinster. May & Wain, Macclesfield. Pencil note state "Date of Incorporation 31st October 1936.

Sheldon; Peake; Palmer; May; Wain;


Leek, Staffordshire; Pontefract, Yorkshire;

[1] The executors of the late James Ridout in account with Messrs Finney & Co.1870 to 1871. By balance £12, 323 :0s:10d.

[2] Messrs Finney & Co. in account with the executors of the late James Ridout 1873-1874. To balance £11051:7s:8d.

Ridout; Finney; Slater; Barlow; Deane; Hedley; Buckmaster;


Leek, Upperhulme, Staffordshire;

Documents relating to pollution of the River Churnet, Leek, Staffordshire 1890 to 1891.

[1] Letters from Arthur H. Wardle and Thomas Wardle of Thomas Wardle, Leek, Staffordshire to William Tatton of Upper Hulme, Staffordshire dated between 3rd May 1890 and 27 August 1890. In the letter dated 3 May 1890, Arthur Wardle states " the water now coming down the river is as black as ink and perfectly unfit for use, consequently I shall have to send my men home with my place full of urgent work. Last week, on (Tuesday last) the water was in a similar condition and I attempted to use it, in softening a lot of 16 oz black organzine, the silk which was perfectly right before softening, became quite brown and my customer threatens to make me pay for it. Will you kindly have this matter made right as you seem to have no idea what a serious injury it is to me." On 25th July 1890, Thomas Wardle wrote to Tatton saying that since he had last spoken to him, two further lots of silk had been spoilt. He continued "Something will have to be done and either you or the Potteries Waterworks must let my son, who is tenant of the Churnet Works, have water fit for dyeing and also the Hencroft". There had been no improvement by August 21st when Arthur Wardle wrote to Tatton saying that "It is perfectly clear from samples of water taken at various times that it is the refuse dyeing matter that is ruining my work. I cannot go on longer with it. Several lots of silk have been spoiled and damaged and I am sorry to be compelled to throw the onus on you…………..I cannot go on any longer and the sooner you come to some arrangement the better. The works are quite stopped and I must hold you responsible for any loss arising there from." Arthur Wardle complained to Tatton again on 21 August 1890 having had to send his men home again. He described the water as "quite black and thick and has been more or less dirty every day this week". On 27th 1890 Thomas Wardle wrote to Tatton "I send you a copy of letter received this morning from one of my customers. This letter relates to 46 lbs of tram which was spoilt owing to your chemical pollution of the river, I am very sorry to be compelled to hold you responsible for this loss. I am afraid there are also other lots in the same way".

[2] Account of "Parcels of Black Spoilt at Churnet Works through dyewash water" 31 May to 25th August 1890. The silks were China and Japan Organzines, China Tram and Schappe. The net loss was estimated to be £54:18s:10d.

[3] Letter dated 31 October 1890 from C. J. Gwynne to to Wardle re Churnet pollution. Thomas Wardle did not wish to be associated with the claim by his son against Tatton and modifications to the papers were necessary.

[4] Minutes by Joseph Challinor in Mr. Wardle's presence as to the damage sustained by Mr Arthur Wardle, due to pollution of the River Churnet. 22 October 1890.

[5] Letter dated 14 November 1890 from Fred D. Wardle to Mr Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire accompanying a copy of a release to the Waterworks Co, and letters from Knight and from Challinor himself relating to it.

[7] Minutes of Joseph Challinor's interview with Mr Allen of Leek, Staffordshire, solicitor, 6 December 1890. Concerns the purchase of the Upper Hulme Silk Mill by Tatton from the Leek Improvement Commissioners in 1869. The Commissioners reserved the right to take water from springs and brook passing the mill. Mr Allen had complained to Tatton of dye pollution in 1872, as solicitor for the owners of the New grange Estate through which the brook passed. Although Tatton bought land for tanks to try to lesson pollution in 1873, Allen said he had noticed that pollution had trebly increased within 1884-90. He mentioned the case of Clowes v South Staffordshire Waterworks "as being relevant. It would he said be necessary to prove nuisance to the public "as it would be the public having immemorially used water for drinking and domestic purposes, prior to the increased supply to Leek, from the loading hole on the Churnet at Abbey Green".

[8] Note by F. D. Wardle on seeing Mr Allen re the pollution of the River Churnet, Leek, Staffordshire. 25 November 1891. This throughs added light on [7] above.

[9] Churnet Pollution -Note on section 4 of the Prescription Act 1 December 1891.

[10] Joseph Challinor's minutes on seeing Mr Wardle 2 December 1891.

Wardle thought that matters with regard to Mr Tatton and Mr Hammersley should not be allowed to stand over and that Challinor should write a letter if F.D.Wardle's interview with Mr. Hammersley regarding Hammersley's diversion of water from the Cartledge Brook to the Bridge End works and also the increase in pipe sizes, was unsatisfactory. Challinor was to express Wardle's willingness to enter into an amicable agreement and to meet him personally. Wardle stated that he made no use of water from the Ball Haye brook in the Hencroft Works and very little of the Churnet water. Thus the injury to him of both these sources being cut off would be slight compared to the injury to Mr. Hammersley of his illegal use of Cartledge Brook water at the Bridge End and Mill Street Works being prevented. Hammersley, he said, had recently turned his dye refuse into the river which was an injury to the Churnet Works. A note mentions an agreement between the Leek Improvement Commissioners and Mr T. Wardle dated 26 January 1886 providing for " the dyewater and liquids arising or proceeding from the said dyeworks and printworks or the said Thomas Wardle shall be allowed to flow into the sewer."

[11]Minutes of conference between Wardle, Shaw, Gwynne, and Challinor re Tatton and Hammersley and notes for consideration re Churnet pollution 5 December 1891. Mentions possibility of obtaining water for Wardle from a point above Tatton's Works and of damming the Cartledge Brook so as to enable the flow of clear water to be increased sufficiently for both Hammersley's and Wardle's needs.

Wardle; Tatton; Allen; Challinor; Hammersley; Shaw; Gwynne; Argles;


Macclesfield, Cheshire; Leek, Staffordshire;

[1] Copy of resolutions re bankruptcy of William Young of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer trading as George Davenport & Co. passed at a second meeting of creditors in the Union Buildings, Market Street, Leek on 4 June 1881.

[2] Balance sheet for George Davenport & Co., Leek, Staffordshire dated 31 December 1878. The mill was valued at £4000, the plant and machinery at £1752:15s:3d; and stock on hand in the mill, in London and in Glasgow at £6042:1s:10d.

Young; Davenport; Williamson; Robinson; Johnson; Royle; Almond; Plant; Hill; Allen; Wardle; Walwyn; Lea; Goodliffe; Kidd; Hammersley; Cowling; shaw; Platt; Sutcliffe; Ledger; Wolf; Saarback; Smith; Phillips; Tatton; Potts; Hay; Bull; Moncur; Burrowes; Hammond;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Papers relating to the Knight Street Mill, Macclesfield.

[1] Memorandum of understanding, dated 7 April 1841, between (1) David Holland, and (2) Charles James Knight and William Newton agent to Henry Davenport Dodd. Holland agreed to take the remaining room and a half on the terms stated, to be entitled to the use of the steam engine, water wheel, main shafting, gearing, gas piping and machinery together with all articles useful for carrying on the trade of silk throwster. The remainder to be delivered up to be sold after proper repairs and the drawing up of an inventory. David Holland agreed to "turn and heat" both Joseph Hunt and James Entwistle the same way as now done according to their separate agreements. In the case of Mr Entwistle's room becoming vacant was to have the preference of it at the present rent. Holland was to be required to keep sufficient water in hand to supply Mr John Potts dyehouse at all times with a two inch pipe for dyeing purposes, to insure the premises and machinery for £400. Holland also had to do the repairs and to paint windows, etc. (usually) every 3 years. He was to take a lease for 7, 14 or 21 years at a yearly rent of £35. His other responsibilities included oiling machinery, putting on and putting off the water and keep steam engine, water wheel, etc. in good repair. The document has been signed and witnessed.

[2] Single sheet, undated but sometime in 1846 in date, relating to the Knight Street Mill. It states "John Blackwell to male all the fences round his land 6 feet high and to be built either of stone or bricks and to be set in mortar. 20 cottage houses in Knight Street. [Adam Oakes, Ellen Bagshaw and others] Lease for the remainder of the term in the large factory at £75 (crossed out and £70 interlined) per annum to paint and do all necessary repairs both external and internal". Small factory [Knight Street] leased for the same period at £34 per year to commence from 1 January 1847{In pencil "lately verified by Joseph Hunt and David Holland"]. Below this is a plan showing 213 square yards of land lying between Knight's Cottages in the East and the "Road to Cupid's Corner" in the West. It was bounded by John Newton's land to the North and the road leading to the factory to the South.

[3] Letter from David Holland to C. J. Knight, Roe Street, Macclesfield re the lease for the land and the cottages. Undated. Holland declined having anymore to do with the cottages because he had to much on his hands. At the bottom of the letter is a list of cottage rents 9 cottages at 1/6; 4 cottages at 2/-, 5 at 2/4 and the rest either 2/2 or 3/-.

[4] Three page extract from a deed describing the property granted and sold to Henry Davenport Dodd. Undated. The property included the land of James Knight near Bank Top, Macclesfield to the South of Bank Top Road formerly called Verdons Brow Road, and bounded to the East and southeast by Black Road and partly by land belonging to William Roe & Co. Amongst other things it mentions " all pools or reservoirs of water and all springs, streams, brooks or rivulets of water flowing therein" and also "those silk mills or factories with the steam engine…".


Knight; Dodd; Newton; Holland; Thornicroft; Verdon; Saywell; Roe; Shatwell; Coates; Bagshaw; Stringer; Sherratt; Hayes; Barnshaw;


Macclesfield, Cheshire; Blackpool, Oldham, Lancashire;

Documents relating to the Knight Street Mill and adjacent property, Macclesfield, 1904 to 1912.

[1] Knight Street rental and cash account, Michaelmas and Christmas 1904.

[2] Copy draft lease of the bottom room in the Knight Street Mill, Macclesfield, Cheshire by John Frederick May of Macclesfield and Henry Parrott May of Blackpool to William Albert Beck of 30 Fountain Street, Macclesfield, silk dyer, for 7 years at a rent of £20 per annum. Dated 1905. Schedule details plant and fittings including a "Horizontal Engine by C Renshaw.

[3] Knight Street rental and cash account, for half year ending Midsummer 1905.

[4] Draft agreement for the tenancy of 3 rooms in the Knight Street Mill, Macclesfield between John F. May and Henry Parrott May and Thomas Hoole of 27 Watercoates, Macclesfield, fustian master. The term was from year to year and the rent £20 per annum. Dated 8 October 1906.

[5] Letter and tracing on linen of land in Bank Street, Macclesfield to be leased to Mrs Elizabeth Ellen Hamson of 10 St. Agnes Street, Hollinwood near Oldham wife of Joseph Hamson of the same place, metals broker. Rent £3:14s:4d.

[6] Draft notice of intention by Messrs Beck & Godwiin to Mrs Sarah Knight (and the representatives of the late Charles James Knight) to request payment of a capital sum secured under an indenture of 23 August 1838.

[7] Whittaker & Bradburn in account with H.P.May and the representatives of the late J.F. May for half year ending 25 December 1912.

[8] Draft lease of the bottom room in the Knight Street Mill, Macclesfield, Cheshire by the Trustees of the will of John Frederick May of Macclesfield, deceased, and Henry Parrott May to The Royle Dyeing Co. Ltd for a term of 14 years at a rent of £43 per annum. Dated 1912.

[9] Hand written notes concerning the sale of land in Bank Street, Macclesfield, Bank Top House and no.s 10 to 16 Knight Street, no's 30 to 42 Knights Street, no 2 Knights Brow and the Knight Street Mill. The latter sold for £1600 in December 1921. The other property was sold between 1907 and 1912 for prices ranging from £6 to £600.

May; Beck; Davenport; Barber; Barnett; Wild; Cooper; Bullock; Stonely; Pownall; Wain; Bradley; Bradbury; Shepherd; Shepley; Wragg; Garner; Harrison; Oliver; Rothwell; Birchenough; Hope; Roylance; Hartley; Gibbons; Moores; White; Stanway; Symons; Heapy; Rowbottom; Hoole; Hamson; Knight; Norbury; Mason; Dod; Godwin;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Questions concerning the title to 3 Church Lane, Leek, Staffordshire April 1875, re the Conveyance from Badnall & Others to Redfern. This mentions an indenture dated 12th February 1861. One question reveals that Thomas Pratt Badnall, Joseph Badnall and James Rathbone Badnall died in testate before 1875 and also indicates that James Rathbone Badnall was survived by a widow and suggests that she should join in the conveyance to the purchaser to release her dower as the mortgagees under the several abstracted indentures of 26th and 29th March 1862 have no power to sell until a period of 21 years from the respective dates of the indentures has elapsed.

Redfern; Badnall; Cruso;


©AWBednall Macclesfield 2000