Bednall Collection Part 2 (BC2) No.s 451 to 475   

The Bednall Archive 

Last updated 04/01/2006






Leek, Staffordshire; Cheshire; Wales;

Copy of the will of Mrs Sarah Fowler of Highfield House, Leek, Staffordshire dated 6th November 1838. Three of her servants names occur as witnesses: Thomas Clayton, Hannah Bratt and Ann Bettany. The property mentioned includes estates in Cheshire and Wales, houses on the north side of Stockwell Street and on Foker Moor, Leek.

Fowler; Gaunt; Flint; Towgood; Dakeyne; Badnall; Condlyffe; Clayton; Bratt; Bettany; Holroyd; Wardle; Emerson; Cave;


Leek, Horton, Staffordshire; Victoria, Australia; East Bridgford, Nottingham;

Draft confirmation and release between [1]Robert Gaunt of Leek Staffordshire, silk manufacturer, [2] William Henry Gaunt of Beechworth, Victoria, Australia, police magistrate, [3] Mary Gaunt of Leek, spinster; {4} Mrs Mary Dakeyne of East Bridgford, Nottingham, widow; and [5] Matthew Gaunt of Rudyard Vale, Horton, Staffordshire and Frederick Gaunt of Horton Hall, Horton, Staffordshire dated 21st April 1871. The document concerns the sale of Highfield House Estate, Leek, Staffordshire by Matthew Gaunt to Edwin Cliffe Gower and in particular the title to part of the old turnpike road running through the Highfield Estate, purchased by Mrs Sarah Fowler from the Trustees of the Sandon to Bullock Smithy turnpike road. Gower's representatives were concerned about the shares of the children of John Gaunt, silk manufacturer, who died on 23rd September 1868 leaving his property to his his brother Josiah and his (John's son] Robert in trust for the benefit of his children William Henry Gaunt, Robert Gaunt and Mary Gaunt. This document was signed and approved by Hacker & Allen, solicitors, on behalf of William Henry and Robert Gaunt and also by Mrs Mary Dakeyne. The document contains information about Mrs Fowler's wills and the subsequent sharing of her estates as well as a detailed schedule of the Highfield House Estate to be sold to Edwin Cliffe Gower. It also shows that after Mrs Fowler bought Highfield House Estate from the mortgagees of Richard Badnall senior, she acquired other lands associated subsequently with it from Miss Ann Badnall, from the Holroyd and Wardle families, from the trustees of Sir John Robert Browne Cave and his wife and from the late Robert Emersons will.

Fowler; Gaunt; Dakeyne; Badnall; Cave; Hammersley; Holroyd; Challinor; Allen; Gower; Challinor; Wardle; Cave;


Alstonefield, Leek, Horton, Staffordshire; Cheshire; Wales;

Copy deed of appointment and assignment from Mrs Sarah Fowler of Highfield House, Leek, Staffordshire, widwo, to her trustees Charles Flint of Leek, surgeon, Henry Towgood of Woburn Square, Middlesex, Matthew Gaunt and Josiah Gaunt of Highfield House, Leek Staffordshire, sons of Sarah Fowler. Challinor, Badnall & Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire 31st October 1838. This cites the will and codicils of Mrs Fowler's late husband John Fowler of Leek and gives details of the family trust he established by it. John Fowler died 19th May 1827 and his will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 26th November 1827. In the current document Mrs Sarah Fowler appointed and assigned her estates at Horton in favour of her daughter (by her first marriage) Phoebe Elizabeth Hough Watt and her heirs. All her estates in Cheshire and at Alstonefield in Staffordshire etc over which she had power of appointment were assigned for the benefit of her other children -the Gaunts. This document als shows that Mrs Fowler purchased the one of the two Highfield pews from a Mr Place and his wife and the other from the trustees of Mrs Jones. The document was witnessed by, amongst others, Ann Bettany and Thomas Clayton, two of Mrs Fowler's servants.

Fowler; Gaunt; Badnall; Challinor; Dakeyne; Badnall; Flint; Towgood; Watt;


Horton, Leek, Staffordshire;

Copy agreement between Frederick Gaunt of Horton, Staffordshire and Matthew Gaunt of Rudyard Vale, Horton, Staffordshire for the sale and purchase of a moiety of Highfield House Estate, Leek, Staffordshire 26th April 1870. Frederick Gaunt had agreed to sell Matthew Gaunt Highfield House and lands amounting to 72 acres: 3roods:5 perches for £3875. The Highfield House Estate was then occupied by Messrs Goostrey, Pilkington and Gibson under a lease which expired on 25th March 1874. [Also a draft]

Gaunt; Gibson; Goostrey; Pilkington;


Horton, Longton, Leek, Staffordshire;

[1} Letter from Charles Hawley of Longton, Staffordshire to Challinor & Co, solicitors, Leek, Staffordshire re Highfields House Estate, dated 18th November 1870. Hawley asks for evidence of the intestacy of Josiah Gaunt showing that Frederick Gaunt was his son and heir and also asking for the receipt for Mrs Dakeyne's share under Mrs. Fowler's will. Hawley could make the acreage of Highfield add up to the stated total and cites relevant indentures I.e. mortgage to the Bank of England 19th & 20th December 1827, an indenture dated 5 & 6th September 1803. The totals for the lands mentioned then were 45 acres 3 rood and 20 perches whereas in a mortgage to Clowes dated 16th July 1834 amounted to 51 acres 2rood 1 perch including two allotments each then said to contain 12 acres 3rood o perches. In a Deed Poll dated 5th April 1848 are acreage is given as 52 acres 3 rood 2 perches to which has to be added the Barnfield, Hollowfield and the Sprink (23 acres 1 rood 19 perches in all) giving a total of 72acres 0 roods 9 perches. Hawley asked about a certificate of the death of George Moore one of the parties to an indenture dated 20& 21st November 1821- a pencilled note states that Moore died 23rd June 1827. He also asked why John Wood was a party to an indenture dated 3rd & 4th December 1827. Pencilled notes state that John Wood was the son and heir of Jervis Wood in whom the legal estate to an allotment purchased by Robert Emerson from Jervis Wood in 1811 was considered to be vested.

(2) Notice, dated 26th July 1870, from William Challinor of Leek, Staffordshire to Miss Ann Clowes of Ball Haye Park, Leek, Staffordshire, of a second mortgage on the Highfield House Estate in Leek, Staffordshire by Frederick Gaunt of Horton Hall to William Challinor for £120 and interest. The notice was delivered to Miss Ann Clowes by William Newall on 4th August 1870.

Challinor; Gaunt; Hawley; Moore; Wood; Emerson; Dakeyne; Fowler; Newall; Clowes;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Copy draft conveyance from [1] Charles Flint of Leek, Staffordshire,, John Towgood of Chancery Lane, Middlesex to [2] John Cruso of Leek and [3] William Beaumont Badnall of Leek, Staffordshire, dated 17th July 1847. The property concerned was on the north side of Stockwell Street, Leek, Staffordshire and was part of the property of the late John Fowler which had been devised under his will to his trustees Richard Badnall senior and Joseph Gould and their survivors or heirs, to sell by public auction or private contract, either in the lifetime of or immediately after the death of his wife Sarah Fowler. The trustees subsequently became Badnall and John Edmondson Molineaux and Charles Flint. John Fowler died on 19th May 1827 and his will was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 26th November 1827 by his widow and Toft Chorley of Leek. Richard Badnall died on 28th February 1838 and Mrs Sarah Fowler died on 23rd August 1846. On 13th January 1847 Molineaux and Flint exercising their powers as Fowler's trustees, appointed John Towgood as a trustee in place of Molineaux. Flint and Molineaux put up the Fowler properties concerned for sale at the Red Lion Inn, Leek on 25th March 1847. John Cruso was the highest bidder paying £660 for "eight cottages standing on the north side of Stockwell Street, in Leek now or late in the occupation or holdings of Ellen Kidd, Samuel Hunt; Samuel Travis, Joseph Sweetmore, Thomas Hambleton, Elizabeth Phillips and Jonathan Barnes, together with land belonging thereto. The property was bounded on the south by Stockwell Street, on the west by a road or way leading from Stockwell Street to the stables of the said John Cruso, on the north side by the coach house and other premises of John Cruso and on the east by (a lane or footpath leading from Stockwell Street to Ball Haye Green and commonly called Dickey's Gutter [deleted]) premises belonging to Mary Grosvenor. A sitting or kneeling in a pew, numbered 21, in the middle aisle of the parish church of Leek was also included in the sale. The property was conveyed to John Cruso to the use of John Cruso for life, to the use of William Beaumont Badnall for the life of and in trust for John Cruso and his assigns. Right od dower for Cruso's widow was barred.

Towgood; Fowler; Badnall; Cruso; Flint; Molineaux; Gould; Kidd; Hunt; Travis; Sweetmore; Hambleton; Phillips; Barnes;


Leek, Stafford, Staffordshire;

Copy precept dated 18th August 1834 from the Sheriff of Staffordshire, Hugh Henshall to John Keates, Bailiff of the Hundred of Totmanslow and to John Bestwick and william Walker "my Bailiffs," to summon George Brocklehurst to appear at the next County Court at Stafford on 28th August 1834 to answer a charge of unjustly detaining the cattle, goods and chattles of John Moss. The document was issues by the Sheriff and by John Cruso, junior, one of the Deputees of the Sheriff. The document cites, in detail, all the items detained which seem to be all the household goods of John Moss plus "2 cows, 4 stirks, 2 calves 1 field of standing grass, 2 fields of hay.

Moss; Brocklehurst; Cruso; Henshall; Walker; Bestwick;


Leek, Staffordshire; Pilsbury, Derbyshire; Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Copy requisitions on title and comments on them in connection with an indenture Cruso and others to Clowes. Cruso, Leek, Staffordshire, 16th february 1844. Indentures dated 1st & 2nd November 1793 and the wills of William and Richard Bullock and of Thomas Knight, George Pratt and Sarah Sutton some of the topics. They also required prood that " Prudence Tibbits, Marta Knight, Olive Van Tuyl, and Mary Bullock were coheiresses at law of William Bullock. That Mary Bullock died before the date of the deed" and " that Thomas Sutton died on 19th October 1827". In connection with the will of Sarah Sutton, Cruso wrote the legacy discharges are in the hand of the Rev. Thomas Sutton, Vicar of Sheffield". He also states " I paid them all and prepared the discharges - Mary Sutton, Ann Hollins, and william Sutton all died in the lifetime of the testatoris."

In one of his comments Cruso states "Mary Gaskell died on the 6th and was buried on the 10th January 1839 and was buried in the New Church, Macclesfield. I am her sole executor acting under the will dated 19th November 1838 and proved at Lichfield 10 May 1839.

Cruso; Bullock; Knight; Sutton; Pratt; Tibbits; Van Tuyl; Sleigh; Gaskell; Gould; Challinor; Smith; Kilmister; Brindley;


Leek, Staffordshire; Alderley Edge, Cheshire; Leicester;

Estate duty papers relating to the estate of Henry James Bermingham of Hillside, Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer, who died on 14th July 1910 at the age of 51 years at Hillside, Leek.

(1) Inland Revenue Estate Duty Form A.6 Affidavit or Affirmation for Inland Revenue, completed by Florence Bermingham of Hillside, Leek, widow; George Henry Massey of Westwood Road, Leek, warehouseman; Sherriff Blades formerly of Leek bank clerk but now of Bank House, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, bank manager and Joseph Henry Bermingham of Hillside, Leek, silk manufacturer. Amongst other things this states that the deceased left a widow and children over the age of 21 years. The gross value of his estate was £13073:4s:5d. This document also includes 7 pages giving particulars of the real property of Henry James Bermingham I.e descriptions, rentals, deductions from gross annual value, net annual value, estimated years of purchase and estimated gross values realised if sold.

(2) Printed oath for the executors of the estate of Henry James Bermingham of Hillside, Leek, Staffordshire who died on 14th July 1910.

(3) Particulars of debts due and owing to Henry James Bermingham. Of Leek, Staffordshire, deceased.

(4) Balance sheet for the firm of Henry James Bermingham of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer 14th July 1910.

(5) (a) Copy letter from Stead & Simpson, Boot & Shoe Manufacturers, Belgrrave Gate, Leicester to G. H. Massey c/o H. Bermingham & Sons, Compton Mills, Leek, Staffordshire, re holding of the deceased H.J.Bermingham in the firm, dated 16th July 1910.

(5) (b) Copy valuation for probate of the furniture and other effects of H,. J. Bermingham deceased, drawn up by Fergyson & Son, appraisers, Leek, Staffordshire 7th September 1910.

Bermingham; Massey; Blades;Ratcliffe; Grace; Skinner; Barr; Mellor; Phillips; Heath; Carding; Challinor; Shaw; Hunt; McClew; Warrington; Carr; Partridge; Bowcock; Eaton; Goldstraw; Davenport; Sigley; Keates; Cartwright; Warners; Fogg; Hill; Smith; Overfield; Laurence; Dale; Hampson; West; Timonier; Sutton; Fergyson; Walters; Stead; Simpson; Hall; Baddeley; Baker; heywood; Sharpley; Johnson; Hand; Walker; Carding;


Horton, Leek, Staffordshire; Macclesfield, Cheshire; London;

Draft conveyance between [1] William Bullock of Macclesfield, Cheshire, silk merchant, [2]Joseph Broster the younger, warehouseman, William Broster warehouseman and Peter Crompton, provision dealer all of Leek; and [3] Joseph Broster the elder of Leek, silk manufacturer, dated 16th May 1868. It cites a deed of assignment of the estate of Joseph Broster the elder to the use of Thomas Carr and William Bullock for the benefit of the creditors of Joseph Broster the elder, dated 6th April 1867. On 10thMay 1867, Joseph Broster the younger, William Broster and Peter Crompton agreed to buy certain machinery, furniture and other effects the equity of redemption and all other estate and interest of Thomas Carr and William Bullock described for £300. Thomas Carr died on 30th November 1867 and the money had been paid to Thomas Carr and William Bullock so William Bullock agreed to convey the property to Joseph Broster the elder.

The property included: nine houses in Mills Square, Mill Street, Leek amounting to 0acres 1 rood and 26 perches, another house "sometime erected by Ralph Bott late of Leek, yeoman, on the land". These houses were said to have been "formerly in the occupations of Thomas matthews, Dinah Harrison, John Band, Joseph Broster, James Beard, Olive Holroyd, Ralph Bott, Martha Lowe, thomas Owne and John Broster but now or lately of Thomas Matthews, Dinah Harrison, Joseph Knight, Joseph Broster the younger, Joseph Kidd, Ann Holroyd, sarah Bott, Francis Lowe, James Cade and Thomas Goodwin. A second property was Daisy Bank Cottage on Browhill, Leek, Staffordshire (1115 square yards)"lately in the occupation of John Lovatt but now of Joseph Broster the elder", and also the walled kitchen garden to the property covering 635 square yards.

Attached is a letter from Thomas Shaw of Leek, solicitor to William Beaumont Badnall,5 Stone Buildings, Lincolns Inn, London seeking Badnall's opinion on aspects of the conveyance. Badnall's reply is on the back of the letter.

Bullock; Broster; Crompton; Carr; Goodwin; Beard; Bott; Lowe; Owen; Holroyd; Band; Matthews; Cade; Kidd; Knight; simister; Jackson; Shaw; Challinor; Badnall;


Leek, Staffordshire; Kensington, London;

Draft conveyance by William Trafford of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer to William Beaumont Badnall of 9 Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington, London and Joseph Challinor of Leek, William Prince of Leek, silk maufacturer and Samuel Millward Fynney of Leek, silk manufacturer, of land and a silk mill and buildings in Bath Street, Leek, Staffordshire. Challinor & Co., Leek, Staffordshire 1864. Part of the title had been subsequently crossed out so that it read William Trafford, Samuel Millward Fynney and Messrs Badnall & Challinor to William Prince and dated 3rd March 1870. The document cites an indenture made on 4th August 1863 between George Hammersley, William Challinor and Thomas Shaw, William B. Badnall and joseph Challinor and William Trafford and William Prince by which the ladn etc. was granted to Badnall and Challinor intrust for the purposes of William Trafford and William Prince as part of the capital of their partnership or business as silk manufacturers. By an agreement dated 6th November 1866, between William Trafford and William Prince and Samuel Milward Fynney it was agreed that the partnership that then existed between them under the style of Trafford, Prince & Co should be mutually dissolved as from that date so far as respected the said William Trafford, and that william Prince and S. M. Fynney would in future carry on the business under the title of Prince & Fynney. . This latter partnership was dissolved on 3rd January 1870. The document details the agreement of dissolution. The property of the firm iincluded a silk mill, shade or buildings lately erected on the land and in the possession of William Prince.

Fynney; Trafford; Badnall; Challinor; Prince; Squire; Newall; Hammersley; Brough; Heaton; Milward; Barton; Pilkington; Wadsworth; Hudson;


Hanley, Leek, Newcastle, Shelton, Stafford, Staffordshire; London; Southport, Lancashire; Glasgow; Nantwich, Congleton, Cheshire;

Miscellaneous documents chiefly relating to John Cruso of Leek, Staffordshire's account with John William Wood 1823 to 1831.

(1)Letter from Mrs A. Wood to John Cruso undated, Mrs Wood writes " I could not send the will before today as dear Mary's parcel arrived too late and the post had been gone some time. I hope you will get it immediately and that it will not detain you …longer than is nescessary. I have some ….. … I have of Mr Whytes I have made John copy this letter for I am so unwell I cannot write ….. Nor read it. With respect to Adolpha's name I know not if it is proper for me to sign it, but she is in Worcestershire it would be 6 days before I could get it signed by her and that would I fear delay you a much longer time than you have to spare. Mr Whyte knows her hand, but it will not perhaps signify at all …. I know not what else to do. I am very glad the indentures are arrived I shall attend to your directions respecting it. With best love to dear Mary and thanks for the parcel and letter believe me dear John -Yours very truly A. Wood. A note on the back states " Mrs Wood's note with authority etc for Glasgow,"

(2) Copy letter from John Cruso, junior, of Leek, Staffordshire to Mrs Grant re Woods affairs dated 15th July 1825. It mentions a power of attorney given to Mr Wulbur under the Wood's marriage settlement, to receive dividends. Cruso wanted to know how the settlement moneys were settled and how it was to be paid. As the settlement couldn't be found he required the £800 3% Consols be transferred to "some other name besides your own" The other trustee-Mr Sharp- was dead and Cruso asked that a power of attorney be executed transferring the Wood's monies to "such names as they (the Woods) shall name". Evidently it was uncertain as to whether or not Mr. Grant would return to England. Cruso stressed the benefits to Grant of getting rid of the trust and trouble etc at your time of life" and stated that a prompt response was required because the Woods were "unpleasantly circumstanced as to their affairs".

(3) John Cruso & Son, solicitors, Leek, Staffordshire bill to John W. Wood. The bill for £28: 19s: 1d was for work undertaken between 15th October 1825 and 16th November 1827. Wood was evidently in difficulties for the items listed relate to trying to obtain loans and the payment of creditors. On 25th September 1826 Cruso had received a letter stating Wood was about to call a meeting of his creditors and asking the Crusos to apply to Mr Badnall to advance money to pay the creditors off. Cruso approached Mr. Badnall but he declined making any advance. In January 1827 Wood received a bill for £20 held by Messrs Allen & Co., druggists of Aldergate Street, London who were threatening proceedings for payment. Other bills are mentioned. Mortgages of property in Glasgow and Southport are mentioned. On the 11th of November 1827 Cruso wrote to Wood at Stafford Gaol sending him cash but Wood had left the previous day.

(4) John Cruso & Son, solicitors, Leek, Staffordshire draft bill and current account re John W. Wood 30th August 1829 to 18th December 1830. Amongst other things this mentions valuations of Mr. Wood's Glasgow property; an offer from John Wood's brother Edwin Joseph Wood and Mr.& Mrs Piercy to purchase the Glasgow property for £650; the sum of £105 due to Mr Wood from Thomas Hopkins; Wood's arrest at the suit of a Mr. Bostock, tailor. 22 November 1830; settlement with creditors in Hanley, Shelton, Newcastle, Liverpool, Southport, Congleton etc at 10/- in the £.

(5) John Cruso & Son, solicitors, Leek, Staffordshire account with John William Wood 22nd September 1831. Mentions the Rev. G. H. Piercy, Mr George Roe and Miss M. Roe.

(6) Account of Mr John Wood, Miss Wood and Mr Edwin Wood, the representatives of Mr Robert Wood to Andrew Whyte 15th January 1823 to 14th July 1830. This commences with "15 January 1823 Writing Mr Badnal as to the application of Robert Craig for a discharge from his creditors." Other items mentioned include the " lining of the Ramshorn Church and the removing of monuments and railing of tombs attached to the church.

Cruso; Wood; Badnall; Dent; Whyte; Allen; Beardmore; Piercy; Symonds;Edleston; Hopkins; Bostock; Pilley; Docker; Smith; Gibbs; Coxon; Hawkins; Robinson; Bayley; White; Cork; Roe; Johnson; Campbell; Browne; Snow;


Cheddleton, Endon, Leek, Staffordshire;

Items relating to C. Smith of Leek, Staffordshire -[probably Charles Smith, a linen and woollen draper with a shop in Custard Street, Leek in 1835.]

(1) List of debts received by John Cruso of Leek, Staffordshire, solicitor, re Smith 1843 and 1844. Most of hepayments are from people living in the Leek area, e.g. Mrs Badnall, Mrs Henry Sneyd, Mrs Lucas, Rev. D. Turner, M. Cruso,

(2) Bill re Mrs Lucas in account with C. Smith 1842 to 1843. The items purchased by Mrs Lucas were fine flannel, lawn, lace, tape and brown broad cloth.

Smith; Cruso; Badnall; Sneyd; Turner; Lucas; Redfern; Bostock; Clee; Heaton; Allwood; Tomkinson; Squire; Colbeck; Gaunt; Ball; Carr; Hilliard;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Miscellaneous Macclesfield items relating to the silk industry.

(1) Printed form for the insertion of an advert in "The Dyer & Calico Printer" a Heywood & Co. Ltd, publication. The form is dated September 28th and the advert states " For Sale, CHARLES STREET MILLL, Macclesfield: freehold: 3 rooms: 92ft x 23ft: heated throughout: office: lavatory accomodation: electric power and light: suitable textile printing, knitting, making-up, box-making, &c. Apply MAY & WAIN, solictors, Macclesfield.



Leek, Staffordshire;

A bill from Thomas Brealey & Son, Land Agents & Valuers, Leek, Staffordshire to Messrs Challinor & Co, solicitors, Leek, Staffordshire re the valuation of a silk factory, warehouse and cottages on the Buxton and Ball Haye Roads, Leek belonging to Mr Joseph Gould. Brealey also charged for "attending Building Society Meeting and advising as to the amount of loan". 13 August 1872. The value of the property was estimated to be £2642-10s-0d.

Brealey; Challinor; Gould;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Land Tax Assessment for Leek in the Totmanslow North Hundred of Staffordshire forthe year 1909-10.This gives the names of occupiers and owners, a description of the property and its location, the rent or annual value assessed and the rate assessed at 1d in the £1. It also gives the sums to be collected and the sums to be remitted to those exempted from payment and others whose tax had been abated because their income did not exceed £400 p.a. People with incomes less than this paid only half the assessed rate. [There are 378 entries]



Leek, Staffordshire;

Poor Rate Valuation for the Albion Mill and Southbank, Leek, Staffordshire produced by W. Challinor, Clerk of the Union Assessment Committee, 27th May 1872. The silk mill was owned by Frances Ann Ward and occupied by Ward & Company. Its gross estimated rental was £103 and its rateable value £82-8s-0d.

Ward; Challinor;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Copy articles of partnership between James Bermingham of Leek, Staffordshire, and Henry Bermingham of Leek, silk manufacturers, dated 23 September 1867. The partnership was for seven years. The document details the partnership property giving the names of occupants, house numbers, locations, etc. Their bankers were the Liverpool & Manchester District Bank Co.

Bermingham; Hambleton; Copson; Goodwin; Knight; Coats; Gays; Greathorn; Halton; Middlebrook; Bold; Plant; Earls; Morton; Haslam; Anderson; Hargreaves; Astles; Challinor;


Leek, Staffordshire; Thorpe, Ashbourne, Derbyshire;

Leek Literary 7 Mechanics Insitution. Memo of the selection and appointment of new trustees. Challinor & Shaw, solicitors, Leek, staffordshire 26th June 1896.

The document states "the building used and owned by such Institution being situate in Russell Street" Leek and locates it on the east side of Russell Street, between, to the north, the Leek Post Office and to the south, the Leek Liberal Club. The meeting at which the new trustees were chsosen took place on 26th June 1896 with Walter Fairclough of Leek in the chair. The trustees previously appointed (on 13th November 1861) were all dead i.e. Joshua Brough, Thomas Carr, William Challinor and George Young. The first two were silk manufacturers, the third a solicitor and the forth a currier. The Institution and its premises were then currently vested in the surviving trustee William Beaumont Badnall of Thorpe near Ashbourne, Derbyshire. Four new trustees were chosen: William Spooner Brough, George Clowes, silk manufacturer, Clement Thomas Gwynne, solicitor and Joseph Lovatt a silk manufacturer. The document was signed by the Chairman and witnessed by the Institution's librarian Charles Morris of 60 Grosvenor Street, Leek.

Badnall; Brough; Carr, Challinor; Young; Clowes; Gwynne; Lovatt; Fairclough; Morris;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft conveyance from Simon Gettliffe of Leek, Staffordshire, shopkeeper, to Mrs Ann Clowes, widow, of Leek Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire, 26th November 1836. It cites an indenture of lease dated 2 January 1828 between the Governor & Company of the Bank of England and Simon Gettliffe in which the Bank of England demised the property to Gettliffe for one year at a peppercorn rent and an indenture of releaase dated 9th January 1828 between (1) the Bank of England, (2) Matthew Gaunt of Leek, (3) William Challinor, (4) Simon Gettliffe and (5) John Heathcote demising the property to Gettliffe. Simon Gettliffe subsequently agreed to sell the property to Mrs Ann Clowes for £205. The property is described as two messuages, dwelling houses or tenements standing in Mill Street, Leek erected on a piece of land purchased by Joseph Badnall deceased from the Reverend Bourne and William Bourne being part of a croft known as Bourn's Croft. The porperty was formerly in the occupation of Joseph Yearld and Sarah Ball but now or late in the occupations of Francis Reddish and Martha Wardle.

Gettliffe; Clowes; Challinor; Badnall; Yearld; Wardle; Ball; Reddish; Gaunt; Bourne;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Copy of Henry W. Cole's ( of Lincolns Inn) opinion as to the Fowler-Gaunt Leek Estate in Watt versus Watt, dated 21 December 1855. This states that under the Fowler marriage settlement dated 4th July 1803, the greater part of the Leek Estate were conveyed to George & John E. Molineaux and their heirs upon trust for sale. Mrs Carlyle, as the only child of that marriage became the absolute owner of the property on her father's death. Her father, John Fowler, was merely a tenant for life and in his will he bequeathed all his estates at Leek, Staffordshire (except the Stockwell Street, Leek, premises otherwise disposed of) in trust for the benefit of his daughter Mrs Carlyle in fee. The trustees were Richard Badnall, John E. Molineaux and Charles Flint. It mentions Mrs Carlyle's two marriage settlements I.e. one in December 1836 and the other of 1852.

Fowler; Gaunt; Carlyle; Challinor; Cole; Badnall; Flint; Molineaux; Watt; Leech; Towgood;


Leek, Staffordshire; Thorpe, Ashbourne, Derbyshire;

(1) Schedule of the trust funds held by the trustees of Mr W. B & Mrs J. E. Badnall's marriage settlement 7th August 1878. It lists stocks and shares and mortgages. The mortgages and the properties on which they were secured are as follows: Mrs Sarah Badnall on property in Church Lane £210-0s-0d; Thomas Beresford on property ot Kingsley £254-6s-7d; Thomas Cook on property at Onecote £500; Thomas & Charles Ford on property at Hanley £2000 and W.A.M. Tellwright on property in Wolstanton £2000. Pencilled notes detail changes.

((2) Extracts from Mr & Mrs W. B. Badnall's Marriage Settlement June 1890.

The marriage articles were dated 30 August 1854 and in this the trustees were John Cruso (of Leek) and Richard Cooper. The total value of the trust was £5576-11s-7d then and in the settlement endorsed on the articles on 14 February 1859, £6150.

Smith; Cruso; Badnall Tellwright; Cook; Ford; Beresford; Cooper; Challinor; Bright; Gaskell; Carr; Bourne; Beardmore;


Leek, Staffordshire; Norwich, Norfolk; Frome, Wiltshire;

Documents relating to the bankruptcy of Orpe Brothers, silk button twist manufacturers, Leek, Staffordshire.

(1) Minutes of resolutions of the Committee of Creditors at the meeting held on 3rd May 1873. Challinor & Co, Leek, Staffordshire. The meeting was held in Mr. Clemsha's office with Mr William Clemsha, Mr. H. Wardle, Mr H. Davenport, Mr. G. Orpe, Mr. Edge and Mr. W. Newall present.

(2) Notes regarding Henry Orpe- undated. It states "H. Orpe carrying on business in Nall's Yard as silk broker. Left Leek last Wednesday afternoon and has not returned. A letter received by his mother says he is going to Paris. George Orpe about 20 went to help him pack -don't know if he was a partner. He was intended to be a partner. Mr W. Orpe opened letter addressed Orpe Thos? Containing £14-8s-9d cheque to-day the 18th. Mr H. Orpe owes his father about £200 has no security for it. Mr Orpe senior paid in a bank note for £100 which W. Orpe also paid in. to Mr W. Hughes. Mr W. Orpe has also paid in another £100 to Mr W. Hughes of Bank End, Endon, farmer. Mr Joseph Orpe about £50.


(4) Six invoices from Orpe Brothers, silk manufacturers of Leek to various customers. All carry the same date 18th November 1873. The amounts range from £3-16s to £9 and are for super black machine twist, cloth sewings, rich black legee and fancy bindings. The customers were Messrs Daggrell & Son, Frome; Thomas Gamble of Cambridge Heath Road, boot manufacturer; Murdock & Thompson; Isaac Redburn of Norwich, closed upper manufacturers and J. P. Wildman.

Orpe; Challinor; Wardle; Davenport; Newall; Edge; Clemsha; Eardley; Stephenson; Bull, Box; Cochrane; Birnie; Consedine; Roby; Mellor; Hughes; Wildman; Daggrell; Gamble; Murdock; Thompson; Redburn;


Horton, Lane End, Leek, Staffordshire; Sheffield; London, Middlesex;

Draft release by John Hulme his mortgagee and assignee to John Cruso junior, of Leek, Staffordshire, of three closes called the Lower Closes and the Whitefield with the barn there on in Leek, Staffordshire. Cruso, Leek, 13 November 1839. The indenture was made between the (1) Reverend Thomas Sutton, Vicar of Sheffield, (2) James Glover of Lane End, Staffordshire, brewer, (3) John Hulme late of Harpers Gate, Horton, Staffordshire, farmer, but now of Leek, Staffordshire, superintendent in a silk factory, (4) John Cruso the younger of Leek, (5) Michael Daintry Cruso of Leek, silk manufacturer and (6) Martha Cruso [nee Badnall] of Leek, widow. It cites indentures of lease and release dated 1st October 1828 between (1) John Hulme of Harpers Gate, (2) the said John Cruso, (3) Mary Sutton then of Leek, spinster but lately deceased, (4) the said John Cruso and (5) Henry Cruso then of Leek but since deceased. Hulme wanted to borrow £2000 from Mary Sutton and she agreed to lend the money on suitable security. The security was Hulme's mortgage on houses and other property. The property was subject to the residue of a 1000 year term created by an indenture between William Hulme and Thomas Campion, dated 10 August 1812. This became vested in John Cruso who assigned it to his brother Henry in trust for Mary Sutton. John Hulme subsequently applied for additional loans of £600. Part of the property including a shop was sold to Ralph Mountfort in 1831 and a new indenture drawn up between John Hulme, his wife Frances and his mother Elizabeth and Mary Sutton.

Another indenture was drawn up on 14 November 1832 between (1)John Hulme who was then described as late of Leek, an insolvent debtor and prisoner in the Kings bench Prison, (2) Samuel Sturgis of Lincolns Inn Fields, Middlesex, provisional assignee of the estate and effects of insolvent debtors in England regarding Hulme's estates. The later were subsequently (14 January 1833) assigned by Sturgis to James Glover who was to hold them for the benefit of Hulme's creditors. Mary Sutton died on 5th May 1839 bequeathing her money and securities to her nephew Thomas Sutton who was also her executor. When the will was proved at Lichfield on 7th October 1839, Hulme owed Sutton £2340-14s-3d. With the agreement of Glover and Hulme, Sutton agreed the sale of land to John Cruso junior for £570. The closes were described as being near the bottom of Derbys Street, Leek, and containing about 4 acres, formerly in the possession of Thomas Bloore and now of Samuel Fowler together with all house, etc.

NB 1. Henry Cruso died 25 January 1829 and letters of administration were granted to his widow Martha at Lichfield on 2 March 1837 "in whom the tem of 1000 years is now vested". Martha was to hold this in trust for John Cruso.

NB 2.The other property motgaged by Hulme included the Queen's Head Inn in Custard Lane and other adjoining houses at the bottom of the Market Place, Leek, Staffordshire

Cruso; Hulme; Badnall; Sutton; Glover; Campion; Perkins; Barlow; Walker; Slater; Sturgis; Young;


Leek, Staffordshire;

(1) Draft articles of partnership between John Sheldon and John Edward Fenton, both of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturers. Challinor & Shaw, Leek, Staffordshire, 1889. The two men had carried on a partnership without any written agreement for several years and had accumulated captial of -John Sheldon £2400 and John E. Fenton £1000. They agreed to continue in partnership for seven years from the 1st January 1889 and to trade as "Sheldon & Fenton", silk manufacturers, in rented premises in or belonging to the Britannia Silk Mills in Leek. The firm's bankers were the Manchester & Liverpool District Banking Co. Gives details of capital and assets, advances by partners, interest and capital, profits and dividends, expenses, lossess advances of partner's salaries, duties of partners etc. The duties made an exception fo John sheldon who was at liberty to devote time to the business carried on a J & R. Sheldon, braid manufacturers. John Sheldon was also to have the general and financial management of the business. This document appears not to have been used-see the following.

(2) Draft dissolution of the partnership in the business of Sheldon & Fenton, silk manufacturers, Leek, Staffordshire, by John E. Fenton to John sheldon, Challinor & Shaw, Leek, 1st September 1892. This states that the partnership articles had been in force for more than 10 years i.e. from 2 January 1873 when they agreed the partnership should last for 10 years. The firm were occupiers of part of the Britannia Mills as tenants to Peter Goodwin, Stephen Hall Goodwin and Arthur William Goodwin. It had been agreed that John E. Fenton would retire from the business with his share of the assets, liabilities and goodwill being assigned to Sheldon. Sheldon was to pay Fenton a weekly pension of £5 reducing to £3 fromJanuary 1874. This payment was then to continue until 9 January 1895.

Fenton; Sheldon; Goodwin; Challinor;


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