Bednall Collection Part 2 (BC2) No.s 251 to 275   

The Bednall Archive 

Last updated 04/01/2006







Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft assignment of a policy of assurance in the Scottish Widows Fund and Life Assurance Society, dated 2nd January 1862, from Mr Harry Edwin Nicholson, formerly apprentice to a silk manufacturer but not now in business, to Mr Jasper Nicholson of Leek, silk manufacturer. Challinor & Co., Leek, Staffordshire, 7th January 1866. The consideration was £40.

Nicholson; Challinor;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Copy of a special proxy dated 8th June 1892 by which Richard Turnock of Leek, Staffordshire, braid manufacturer, a creditor, appointed Thomas Robinson of Leek his proxy at a meeting of creditors held on 13th June 1892 and to vote against a composition of 7/6 in the £. Robinson was to vote for the appointment of himself as Trustee or as a Member of the Committee of Inspection. The proxy was witnessed by G.T.Gwynne of Leek, Staffs, A commissioner to administer oaths in the Supreme Court of Judicature in England. Who the bankrupt was is not stated.

Turnock; Robinson; Gwynne;


Leek Staffordshire;

"Distress papers" re Thomas Braddock of Leek, Staffordshire, who owed arrears of rent to Joseph Goodwin of Leek. Redfern, Leek. 17th January 1837.

(1)Document signed by Joseph Goodwin of Leek authorising Mr William Bloore to distrain the goods and chattels of Thomas Braddock for the sum of three pounds nineteen shillings and nine pence: dated 18th January 1837.

(2) Handwritten inventory of goods taken intended to be handed to the Thomas Braddock when his goods were distrained. This document is dated 17th January 1837 but no items are listed on the inventory and the document is unsigned.

(3) Letter (undated) from Thomas Redfern of Leek, solicitor, to William Bloore stating " As Mr Braddock has paid his rent and expences you will therefore leave possession".

Braddock; Goodwin; Bloore; Redfern;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Schedule of deeds relating to freehold premises in Chestergate and King Edward Street, Macclesfield, Cheshire sold by George Fountain and others to Mr J. G. Hibbert. Undated but documents listed have dates ranging from 1788 to 1923. (2 pages).

Fountain; Hibbert; Goodwin; Cholmondley; Blount; wright; Norton; Bradley; Lowndes; wood;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Draft license to use patent machinery issued by William Trafford of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturer, to Messrs Mountford Fynney and Edmund Fynney of Leek, silk manufacturers and copartners in trade, Hacker & Allen, Leek. Challinor & Co., Leek, 23rd September 1876. Document states that "William Trafford has absolutely sold to the said Mountford Fynney and Edmund Fynney, for the sum of £750, certain new patent twisting machinery with the machine frames, bobbins and other appliances connecting therewith comprising one set of five machines or 600 spindles which have been fixed and fitted up in their mill situate at the back of Wellington Street, Leek, called "The Wellington Street Mill".

The patent was dated 4th December 1873 and the patent number was 4137. Term of the patent 14 years. For the license the Fynneys were expected to pay a weekly royalty of one shilling per dozen spindles for the time the spindles are actually used and worked.

The document carries a note in red/brown ink stating "Approved as altered in red ink on behalf of Mr Trafford -Challinor & Co, by Thomas Shaw, Leek 22 September 1876.

Trafford; Fynney; Hacker; Allen; Challinor; Shaw; Hawkesworth;


Leek, Staffordshire; Doveridge, Derbyshire; Macclesfield, Cheshire; Middlesex;

Draft bill of sale dated 2nd November 1870, by Messrs John Ball and William Heath of Leek, silk manufacturers, (trading under the style of "Ball & Heath") to Thomas Redfern of Daisy Bank, Leek, by way of mortgage of machinery, mills, plant, stock, horses, carts, wagons, rails, tubs, implements, utensils, trade fixtures, personnal goods and chattels, in or on or used in connection with belonging to a silk mill or factory in Mill Street, Leek, Staffordshire, occupied by Ball & Heath. The sum secured was £230.

The document has apparently been used as a template for later documents because it carries interlining and other notes referring to different sets of people i.e. (1) "Between James Walwyn of Doveridge, Derbyshire, Farmer, and Thomas Redfern", dated 10th February 1875. (2) Between Forsbrook of Hartington, Derbyshire, shopkeeper, and James Allen formerly of Macclesfield but now of Spencer House, Highbury Carew, Middlesex, silk manufacturer

Ball; Heath; Redfern; Walwyn; Allen; Forsbrook;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Release by Charles Watson of Leek, silk manufacturer, to William Saddington Watson of Leek, silk manufacturer, of estate and interest in the London Mills situated in London Street, Joliffe Street and Brook Street, in Leek, Staffordshire. Challinors & Shaw, Leek, 19th September 1889. This document supplemented a conveyance dated 1st May 1875 beteen (1) Thomas Winter Wood and Samuel Wreford, (2) Henry William Sale and Sarah Sale his wife. Charles and W. S. Watson were copartners in the trade or business of silk manufacture and the property was purchased by them as part of their partnership property. Charles Watson had retired from the partnership and W. S. Watson wanted Charles Watson to release to him all his rights…

Watson; Wreford; Sale; Newall;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Draft conveyance from Peter Kirk of Davenport Street, Macclesfield, commercial traveller, to Peter Burgess of 174 Hurdsfield Road, Hurdsfield, Macclesfield, butcher, of five fields situated of Macclesfield Common ( Buxton Old Road, Macclesfield). H. Hand, Macclesfield, 4th April 1894. With plan and schedule. One field (628) was said to be in Blakelow Road off the Old Buxton Road, and in the hands of a yearly tenant called Mellor. Another (629) was formerly called " Quaker's Croft" and all were formerly part of Macclesfield Common. A third field (between enclosure allotments 183 and 188 (no. 624) was called " The Silk Field". This piece was allotted to John Swindells (by the enclosure Commissioners) and to "succeeding Lessees of a certain plot of land theretofore leased by him from William Roe, esquire, by indenture dated 20th February 1788 for a term of 999 years." The Commissioners allotted the next piece (no. 684 on the Ordinance Survey Map) to Obidiah Tunnicliffe "for and in respect of all that plot etc held by demise for a long term of years under the said William Roe…"

Cooper; Silvester; wainwright; Kirk; Burgess; Mellor; Cookson; Simcock; Jones; Bailey; Moss; Fearn; Moores; Roe; swindells; Tunnicliffe; Parrott; Capper;


Macclesfield, Cheshire;

Detailed report and inventory on the Turkish Baths, situated in Newgate off Mill Street, the main street of Macclesfield, Cheshire. Brocklehurst & Co, Licensed Valuers, Macclesfield. Undated.



Leek, Staffordshire;

Letter from Hacker & Allen, Leek, Staffordshire to Joseph Edge, silk manufacturer, Leek, dated 6th December 1880. Hacker and Allen stated that they had been instructed by a Mr A. Johnson of Leek, silk merchant, to ask for the payment of the balance of £126:0s:5d due from Edge on 30th September 1880 plus interest from that date at 5% per annum. Legal proceedings to be taken if not paid within one week.

Edge; Johnson; Hacker; Allen;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Printed circular concerning the world consumption of silk, issued by the Leek Chamber of Commerce 6th May 1899. Thomas Robinson Hon. Secretary. Demand for silk was rising and there was a shortage of raw silks. Robinson warned that manufacturers would have to increase prices.



Leek, Staffordshire;

Conveyance of the Sheephouse Farm at Leekbrook near Leek, Staffordshire by the William Allen of Leek, George Herbert Heaton of Endon, land surveyor Trustees of the late Joshua Wardle of Leekbrook, silk dyer, and Ann Wardle of Cheddleton Heath near Leek, spinster, to Sir Thomas Wardle, of Leek, Staffordshire, knight, 25th July 1906. The document incorporates provisions relating to land sold by the Trustees to the North Staffordshire Railway Company and is signed, witnessed and sealed. It includes a schedule and plan of the farm, a schedule of the agreement with the N.S.R.Co and several plans. Joshua Wardle died on 3rd March 1879. Other Wardle and Heaton deaths given.

Wardle; Young; Trueman; Davenport; Allen; Heaton; Illsley; Gaunt; Woolley; Shaw;


Thorpe, Chesterfield, Derbyshire; Leek, Staffordshire; Kensington, Middlesex;

Probate in the High Court of the will and codicil of William Beaumont Badnall of Thorpe, Derbyshire, deceased, who died on 31st May 1901 at 4 Kensington Court Gardens, Middlesex. Probate was granted to Jane Elizabeth Badnall, widow of the deceased, Joseph Challinor and Thomas Shaw as executors on 10 August 1901. The probate carries the Court's seal and carries the stamps of many insurance, railway and other companies.

Badnall; Challinor; Shaw; Robinson; O'Connor; Cruso; Searight; Cock; Riack; Booth; May; Lockyer; Kewley;


Leek, Staffordshire; Tuls Hill, Surrey; Teignmouth, Devon;

Draft release by Benjamin Spilsbury the elder of Tuls-Hill, Surrey & Joseph Flowers of Leek, Staffordshire to Adelina Elizabeth Alsop of Leek, widow, Joseph Challinor of Leek, John James Ritchie of Leek, surgeon and Robert Alsop of Teignmouth, Devonshire, the executors of the late James Alsop of all debts owing to them respectively by the partnership firm of Alsop, Downes, Spilsbury & Company and covenant of the surviving partners to pay the debts and interest. Challinor & Shaw, Leek, Staffordshire 1871. A note in the margin adds George Downes and Benjamin Spilsbury the younger both of 1 & 2 HugginLane, Wood Street, London, silk manufacturers, to the indenture.

Benjamin Spilsbury the elder, Benjamin Spilsbury the younger, Joseph Flowers, James Alsop and George Downes were partners in a firm of silk manufacturers and silk merchants at London, Leek and Congleton trading under the name of Alsop, Downes, Spilsbury & Co; Spilsbury the elder and Flowers had retired from the firm but had left their capital invested in it. James Alsop died on 14th December 1868 and at this time there was due to Benjamin Spilsbury the elder £5832-6s-1d and to Joseph Flowers the sum of £12,017-5s-8d. They decided to release the trustees from all their claims and actions against the trustees regarding these sums. In return for this George Downes and Benjamin Spilsbury the younger covenanted to repay the part of the capital on a given date with interest at 5 percent and to do this until all was repaid.

Challinor; Downes; Spilsbury; Flowers; Alsop; Ritchie;


Leek, Tunstall, Staffordshire; Manchester;

Agreement, dated 23rd January 1833, between John Brough of Mount Pleasant, Leek, Staffordshire and William Challinor of Leek, re making and keeping a sough through Rushy Croft, a field belonging to Fowlchurch Estate, Leek, from the field adjoining belonging to Mr Challinor. Signed by Brough and witnessed by J. H. Hilliard. It cites a deed of lease and release, dated 26 & 27th December 1832, between (1) William Fynney Johnson of Manchester, glassmaker, (2) William Challinor of Leek, Mary Badnall of Leek, widow, (late Mary Challinor), Charlotte Challinor of Leek, spinster, Edward Challinor of Tunstall, earthenware manufacturer and Sarah Challinor of Tunstall, spinster, (3) John Brough of Mount Plesant, Leek and (4) Joshua Brough of Leek, silk manufacturer, concerning a farm called Foulchurch in Tittesworth, Leek, Staffordshire.

Brough; Challinor; Hilliard; Johnson; Badnall;


Macclesfield, Congleton, Cheshire; Leek, Staffordshire;

Agreement of sale and purchase dated 14th October 1861, between (1) William Bullock of Macclesfield, Cheshire, and Denis Bradwell of Congleton, Cheshire, silk dealers and (2) John Brough and Joshua Nicholson of Leek, Staffordshire, silk manufacturers. It concerns the purchase of a silk mill called London Mill standing on the Ashbourne Road in Leek and recently occupied by Miles Simpson. The sale also included two cottages and a garden adjoining the mill and also "the steam engine, boiler, shafting, steam piping, gas fittings and fixtures lately purchased by the said William Bullock and Denis Bradwell from Miles Simpson and his mortgagees. The price paid was £2950.
A plan is attached and this also shows a front view of the mill.

Bullock; Bradwell; Brough; Nicholson; Simpson;


Leek, Hanley, Staffordshire;

Six letters, dating between the 15th July 1893 and 24th October 1893, concerning the provision of a loan of £2300 from the Leek & Moorlands Building Society to Messrs Bednall & Heath of the Wellington Pottery, In a letter dated 10th August 1893 (BC2/267/4) John Brearley, the Society's surveyor, reported that the maximum loan he could recommend was £1800. He also points out that the Pottery was currently mortgaged to a Newcastle firm for £1300. The solicitor acting for Bednall & Heath was W.J.J.W. Heath of Lloyds Bank Chambers, Hanley, Staffordshire.
NB. In one of the letters Bednall's name is mis-spelt as Badnall.

Bednall; Heath; Brearley; Challinor; Shaw;


Leek, Staffordshire; London;

Draft "Equitable security for £1800 and interest" between (1) Joseph Challinor of Leek, Staffordshire and (2) William Beaumont Badnall of Thorpe near Ashbourne, Derbyshire and Hugh Ford Searight of East India Avenue, City of London, merchant. Challinor & Shaw, Leek, 1st April 1892. The security was a mortgage on the 26 acre, Barnfield Farm near the Railway Station, Leek.

Badnall; Challinor; Searight; Davenport;


Leek, Staffordshire; Prestbury, Cheshire.

Three letters from the Reverend Reginald E. Broughton, Vicar of Prestbury to Joseph Challinor of Leek, Staffordshire, solicitor, dated between January 1892 and May 1893.

(1) Letter dated 27th January 1892. Broughton thinking of letting the Vicarage which was too large for him, and building a new house. He therefore wanted to borrow £700 to £800 towards the cost. He mentions that there "is great demand for houses in the neighbourhood being so near Manchester and would be a good and safe investment". On this letter the printed address "Ashcombe Park nr Leek, Staffordshire" had been deleted and "Prestbury Vicarage, Macclesfield" substituted.

(2) Letter dated 29th January 1892. Broughton expresses willingness to borrow from "your society" at 4% interest. The piece of land he wanted he was getting from Mrs Legh of Adlington on a lease of 99 or 999 years or he could buy it outright. Broughton thought he would take it on a 999 year lease as he was "not particularly well off" I am paying 1/3 of the income of my living to my predecessor, but I hope ultimately to be much better off. My wife will receive £1000 a year under the will of her late father - J. L. Bennett of Buile Hill, Manchester"

(3) Letter dated 27th March 1893. Broughton states "I'm afraid the late Mr Coghlan is too distant a connection for us to lay any claim to part of his property, even if none of his own family can be discovered. His wife was sister of Sir H. Broughton's father and there are five others who have a similar claim. He also asks Challinor to write to W. Lea Esq, and the Rev. J. Hulley (a Wesleyan Minister) who had (as landowners) refused to pay the tithes since the Tithe Bill came in.

(4) Letter dated 28th January 1892 from J. Challinor, Leek, Staffordshire to the Rev. R. E. Broughton of Prestbury Vicarage, Cheshire, concerning a loan on the house Broughton wished to build.

Broughton; Challinor; Legh; Coghlan; Lea; Hulley;


Birmingham; Uttoxeter, Leek, Staffordshire; Snelston, Derbyshire.

Papers relating to the estates of the late Clement Francis Broughton of Snelston, Derbyshire, Clerk in Holy Orders, who died on 15th August 1879. Probate of his will was granted to Francis Bryan Hand at the Derby District Registry on 24th September 1879. F.B. Hand died at Uttoxeter, on 13th March 1885. Thomas Clement Sneyd Kynnersley of Moor Green near Birmingham, Worcestershire(?) was the coexecutor of Broughton's will.

(1) Draft affidavit by T. C. Sneyd Kynnersley of Moor Green, for return of duty on grounds of debts in relation to the estate of the Rev. Clement Francis Broughton. Challinor & Shaw, Leek, Staffordshire 4th June 1886.

(2) Incomplete, undated and unsigned Inland Revenue-Residuary Account Form re the estate of the Rev. C. F. Broughton deceased.

(3) J.C. S. Kynnersley's accounts (1875 to 1883 re the estate of Revd. C. F. Broughton(?).

(4) Messrs Kemp's account re sale of furniture at 9 Cumberland Terrace, Regents Park, London 20th September 1877. Sale raised £261:19s:6d but after costs the net amount was £152:3s:0d.

(5) Copy dated 4th August 1886 of queries by E. Fry re legacy duties and replies from Challinor & Shaw of Leek. It mentions probate at Lichfield on 28th June 1854 of the will of Miss Elizabeth Sanders who died on 20th May 1854.

(6) Three Inland Revenue forms re legacy duty arising in connection with the estate of Clement F. Broughton deceased, dated 18th June 1886,18th August 1886 and 30th April 1885.

(7) List of property related to "Broughton's 2nd marriage settlement" 2nd November 1883. This comprises £2500 of North Staffordshire Railway stock; £1500 lent to Mr Pennell, a leasehold house 9 Cumberland Terrace and a £999 life policy in the Britannia Office.

(8) Letter from Hooper & Sons, London to Challinor & Shaw re duties on the estate of Clement Francis Broughton (AB 1879-1694) concerning the residual of the estate of the late Alicia Susanna Harriet Broughton (….. 1815-315]. According to Hooper when additional probate duty was offered her residual assets were valued at £2602 whereas in fact the net residual asset amounted to £3903: 3s.

(9) Minutes for a reply by Broughton's executors to the probate court, 11th February 1886. It states that the settlement made on the marriage of C. F. Broughton to Miss Sanders (dated 26th June 1843) became vested, on the death of Mrs Broughton on 4th November 1852 in the four daughters of the marriage subject to a power of appointment by C.F.Broughton. On the death of Alicia S. H. Broughton, intestate, on 2nd June 1862, one fourth share £3903: 3s: 0d of the trust property became vested in her father (C.F.Broughton) absolutely as her next of kin. By settlement dated 24th August 1869, C.F.Broughton assigned amongst other things 1/3rd value £1301: 1s: 0d of A.S.H.Broughton's share to his daughter Mary Louisa Freeman, her husband and children on 16th August 1879. On C.F.Broughton's death on 16th August 1879 only 2/3rds of the original share remained vested in him.

(10) Letter dated 4th June 1886 from T.C.Sneyd Kynnersley to Challinor & Co, Leek returning and approving the residual account.

Broughton; Lacon; Sanders; Kynnersley; Challinor; Dickson; Hand; Freeman; Bruce; Milne; Bowker; Wild; Pennell; Sneyd; Wood;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Documents relating to the Bermingham family and their silk firm(s).

(1)Printed letter headed "Geo. H. Bermingham, Fountain Mills, Leek" which draws the recipient's attention to "an entirely new line in Spun Machine Silks wee are now producing". Undated but about 1905. On the reverse a handwritten balance sheet for the company, dated 1st May 1905.

(2) Letter from G.H. Massey of H. Bermingham & Sons to A. H. Shaw, Leek, Staffordshire dated 19th July 1912. It states " The mills is five storeys at one end and four storeys at the end nearest Duke Street, being built on falling ground but the rooms are continuous". The dimensions approximately are Basement 92ft x 24ft x 9.5ft and the rooms 181ft x 25ft x 9ft. There are 13 cottages in South Street, Duke Street, gross rental £109 p.a. and over these cottages are rooms used for mill purposes. These measure 22ft x 22 ft and 121ft x 21ft x 10.5ft. The smaller one has shafting fixed but the larger is without shafting. Warehouse, 2 storeys. 69ft x 39ft x 11.5ft. Vacant land at the rear 86ft x 67ft, I have not mentioned the boiler house, mechanics shop, etc.

(3) Letter Letter from G.H. Massey of H. Bermingham & Sons [National telephone No.1] to A. H. Shaw, Leek, Staffordshire dated 19th July 1912. It states " I think £500 might be considered as representing the value of engine, fixed and loose tools in mechanics shop, office and the warehouse furniture and tenants fixtures, and £6000 as representing the freehold land, mill and warehouse buildings, cottages, boiler, main shafting and driving pulleys, steam and hot water pipes, gas pipes and fittings, electric installation and fittings."

(4) Two H. Bermingham & Sons, silk manufacturers, Compton Mills, Leek, Staffs headed paper concerning proposal for amalgamation with Messrs Trafford, White & Company. Undated but pencil note suggests that it was about 1911. It gives the main details of the agreement with regard to the mill, machinery, book debts, stock and freehold. "Stock of Merchandise" was about £2200 and "stock of our own make" £6457".

Bermingham; Massey; Shaw; trafford; White;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Letter from H. R. Brunt of Henry Brunt & Co, silk manufacturers, Leek, to Mr Robinson, dated 24th September 1887. Concerns rent for two rooms for braiding machines and states " we should require about £80 a room".

Brunt; Robinson;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Memorandum (printed) headed F. Hammersley & Co., Silk Manufacturers, Hope Silk Mills, Leek, Staffordshire bearing the date 18th September 1906 on the reverse. It gives (in pencil) a balance of account relating to purchases and sales between 1st January 1905 and 31st December 1905. Totals were £12955 : 5 : 1. and the account shows the firm made a loss of approximately £159 on the year.



Leek, Staffordshire; Glasgow; Macclesfield, Cheshire; Wales;

Documents relating to the Gaunt family of Leek, Staffordshire.

(1) Letter from John Gaunt of Leek, Staffordshire to William Challinor, dated 20th April 1848. Gaunt states " I wish it had been in my power to pay the bank the last instalment, the one due in January you are aware has been discharged viz- January 13 Cash £500, January 24 Cash £575 :19. [Total ] £1015 :19. The executors of my mother cannot but be aware of the depression of trade generally the last twelve months & the difficulty of effecting sales or collecting outstanding accounts spread over the country and the numerous failures that have occurred: whereby accounts that are considered at the time good will not realize 10/- in £. He stresses his desire to pay the instalment and then goes on to say " I was not in Glasgow when arrangements were entered into with the creditors of Gaunt, Gray & Co and do not know the party's name who became security; it would be of no benefit applying to him as I assure you I shall pay as soon as I can. By the sale of my house I have lately paid my private account with the Bank..".

(2) Receipt for Fowler & Company for £2058 :3 : 5 received from Gaunt, Gray & Co., 10th May 1847.

(3) Copy of a letter from William Challinor of Leek, Staffordshire to Josiah Gaunt jr esq., dated 13th December 1848. It concerns the proposals of "the Trustees" in relation to a proposed purchase of land by the Governors of the Macclesfield School. The Governors would not buy until a mortgage of £3000 on the property had been paid off and the trustees agreed that the money from the sale of all the Macclesfield property could be used to clear the majority of the debt leaving Gaunt to fine £865.

(4) Estate of the late John Fowler, deceased : an account of property sold by the Trustees, October 1848. Land at Upton, Macclesfield [Lots 1 and 2 ]was sold to the Governors of the Macclesfield Grammar School for a total of £ 2135. Lots 3, 4, 5,6, 7, 8, and 10 were offered to the Governors for £8625 but are listed at £8300. Houses in Stockwell Street, Leek were sold to John Cruso and land on Foker Moor to Mrs Clowes. Property in Wales was sold to Sir W. W. Wynne and to Mr. Biddulph.

Gaunt; Fowler; Challinor; Rowgood; Hornby; Gray; Wynne; Biddulph; Allen; Clowes;


Leek, Staffordshire;

Bill for building and other work carried out (undated but on paper watermarked 1815) written on a letter addressed to Mr Coupland, Leek. The total bill is substantial £394 : 19 : 0 and includes mason's work, carpenter's work, road work, blacksmith's work. Vernon Fog provided flags, Charles Fogg did the mason's work, Richard Bould the carpentry and George Bould and Benjamin Woolf provided the ironwork. Edward Tatton provided ale for the road men.

Coupland; Daintry; Bould; Fogg; Woolf; Tatton; Lambeth; Powys; Plant; Bower; Roe; Hand; Tomkinson; Lowndes; Griffin; Gould; Heaton; Hollinshead; Hulme; Kirby; Holroyd; Lucas; Ba[l]dwick;


©AWBednall Macclesfield 2000